- Jiři Antonín(Georg) Benda. Duodrama in one act. 1775.
- Text by Johann Christian Brandes, following a cantata
by Heinrich Wilhelm von Gerstenberg.
- First performance at Schloss Friedenstein, Gotha, on 27th January 1775.
|Ariadne ||speaking part|
|Theseus ||speaking part|
In speech accompanied and interrupted by the orchestra, Ariadne awakes on the shore of Naxos,
to find herself deserted by the faithless Theseus.
Georg Benda was an important figure in the development of the melodrama, the use of speech
with orchestral accompaniment that found a place in, for example, Beethoven's Fidelio or in
Weber's Der Freischütz and in many later dramatic works. The form appealed to Mozart, who
planned but never wrote a melodrama on the subject of Semiramide . There have been and continue
to be strong elements of melodrama in 20th-century cinema.