|About this Recording
82078 - CHEN / HE: Butterfly Lovers Zheng Concerto (The) / Eternal Regret of Lin'An
Composed by He Zhanhao
In the Sui (581-618) and Tang (618-907) Dynasties, the music and
dance from Qiuci, an ancient city state that once
existed around the present Kuche, Xinjiang,
in northwest China, won wide popularity in the central-region of China and had
a profound influence on the development of the music and dance of the Han
people. The beautiful Huteng dance is a genre of the Qiuci dance. It was developed on the basis of the
introduction of the dance techniques of north
Composed by He Zhanhao
The Yili is a river flowing through the north area of Xinjiang.With Xinjiang folk-songs
as the material, By
the Yili River is a set of variations on a single
theme. Somewhat like a rondo, its first and third parts are descriptions of a
celebrators’ party. Lyrical and beautiful, the central part depicts a young
couple in love, meeting by the
FESTIVE HORSE RACE
Composed by He Zhanhao and Wang Lingkang
Horse racing is part of the custom of some Chinese minority peoples. The first part of Festive Horse Race depicts the people riding happily on horseback to the site of the horse race festival. The second part is a picture of the horse racers from different directions competing keenly for the prize.
ETERNAL REGRET OF LIN’AN
Arranged by He Zhanhao
This work won the Prize of Composition at the 14th Shanghai Spring Music Festival in 1991.
THE BUTTERFLY LOVERS
Original by He Zhanhao and Chen Gang arranged by He Zhanhao
of the Butterfly Lovers is well known throughout
early 1950s, the filming of the Shaoxing opera The Butterfly Lovers made the legend even
more widely known. It was on the basis of the melody of the Shaoxing
opera that He Zhanhao and Chen Gang, both young
students of Shanghai Conservatory of Music, composed a violin concerto in 1959.
Though it was composed with western composition techniques, the concerto is
infused with rich Chinese national colour. Since its
appearance, it has not only achieved wide popularity in
This single movement concerto is in sonata form. The exposition, the development and the recapitulation respectively depict the three stages of the dramatic conflict - Falling in love, Resisting Marriage and Turning into Butterflies.
The Exposition: Falling in Love
In the beginning, against the mild strings, the piano plays the pretty melody depicting the beautiful spring sights of Jiangnan. Accompanied by delicate arpeggios, the solo zheng plays the poetic love theme. Then a dialogue between the zheng and the cello depicts Zhu and Liang making acquaintance with each other. The lively rondo describes the intimate friendship between Zhu and Liang during three years’ study together. When the music slows down, the moving melody exquisitely portrays their reluctance to say good-bye to each other when parting.
The Development: Resisting Forced Marriage
The sombre ominous music is the symbol of harsh feudal power. On the piano is played the theme of Zhu’s father compelling her to accept the forced marriage. The zheng first expresses Zhu’s sorrow in a free rhythm, then, with strongly syncopated chords, plays the theme of Zhu resisting the marriage. This theme is derived from these secondary themes. It alternates with Zhu’s father’s theme, developing the unswerving image of Zhu, who was faithful to her love for Liang. The touchingly grievous dialogue between the zheng and the cello profoundly pictures the scene of Zhu’s tragic meeting with Liang in the study room upstairs. Then the music turns to describe Liang’s death, Zhu’s weeping in front of Liang’s grave and the grave’s cracking. With the last phrase on the zheng depicting Zhu’s jumping into the grave, the music reaches its climax.
Recapitulation: Turning into Butterflies
The theme of love between Liang and Zhu is recapitulated. Liang and Zhu’s souls have turned into a couple of colourful butterflies fluttering together among the flowers. They would never be separated, and their faithful love has been praised by people from generation to generation.
A native of
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