SYMPHONY NO. 2 THE WAR OF RESISTANCE AGAINST JAPAN
Composed in celebration of the tenth anniversary of the rounding of the
People's Republic of China, this symphony vividly expresses the touching scenes
of the Chinese people striving for the victory of the War of Resistance against
symphony is made up or four movements.
MOVEMENT 1 The War or Resistance
In the exposition, the primary theme and the two episodes strikingly convey
the determination and strength or the Chinese people for the unified resistance
against the enemy. Based on Siping Tune, a set tune in north Chinese quyi, a
folk form of story telling with singing and speaking, the grievous indignant
secondary theme tells about the sufferings of the Chinese people under the cruel
Japanese aggression. In the development, the indignant theme builds up strength
and forms a double fugato. Then, in the culmination of the movement, appears
the melody of No Communist Party, No New China, a widely popular song by Cao
Huoxing, which serves as a summary or the gist or the symphony: Only under the
leadership of the Communist Party could the War of Resistance against Japan
come to a triumphant conclusion.
MOVEMENT 2 Reminiscence
The composer borrows dramatic expression techniques from Chinese traditional
operas to emphasize the profound and intense aspect of the feeling of the Chinese
nation. With the wicked drum beats in the middle part appears the melody of
Lugou Bridge, the Burst Site of the War, a Japanese fascist army song during
World War II. Under the cruel aggression of the Japanese troops, the Chinese
nation was in a unprecedented calamity. The melody of Zhang Hanhui's On the
Songhua River, a song widely popular during the War of Resistance against Japan,
on the solo violin evokes the people's memories of the bitter past.
MOVEMENT 3 Going to the Enemy's Rear Area
Serving as the theme, the melody of Going to the Enemy's Rear Area, a well-known
song by Xian Xinghai, goes through the whole movement. By means of variation
and development the music vividly portrays the heroic people's armed forces
against the Japanese aggression.
MOVEMENT 4 Celebration of the Victory
This movement is a description of the festive scene of the entire Chinese people
celebrating the victory of the War. By application of the melody of yangge,
a folk form of song and dance, the music simply and distinctively conveys the
joy of the Chinese people over their victory of the War and over their national
liberation. The whole piece comes to an end in the culminant melody of No Communist
Party, No New China.
CAPRICCIO ON A XINJIANG FOLK THEME
With symphonic techniques, Capriccio on a Xinjiang Folk Theme lays stress
on the expression of the unity of the different nationalities of Xinjian, an
autonomous region of the minority nationalities in northwest China, as members
of the great family of Chinese nationalities. Besides, the music also expresses
their pursuit for the future and for minority nationalities in northwest China,
as members of the great family of Chinese nationalities. Besides, the music
also expresses their pursuit for the future and for happiness.