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NA325212 - JASON, N.: Life and Work of Marcel Proust (The) (Unabridged)
THE LIFE AND WORK OF MARCEL PROUST
Few authors have attracted as many biographers as Marcel Proust. And yet, to the best of my knowledge, The Life and Work of Marcel Proust has the distinction of being the first audio biography.
To avoid any confusion, it may be wise to point out that Proust’s great work, À La Recherche du Temps Perdu, was originally translated into English by Charles K. Scott-Moncrieff and published in 1922 under the title, Remembrance of Things Past. It has subsequently been re-translated by Terence Kilmartin and appeared in 1981 as In Search of Lost Time. Naxos AudioBooks’ abridged version has been prepared from the Scott-Moncrieff text (except for Time Regained, which was translated by myself), and references to the work in this audio biography use the original English title.
My own contact with Proust began when as a seventeen-year-old schoolboy I first read Swann’s Way. I could not have guessed then that many years into the future Proust would take over my life for a period of some six years, during which time I would abridge and record his three-thousand-page masterpiece, Remem-brance of Things Past.
Having once embarked on this daunting but exciting task, it occurred to me that although the people on whom Proust based his characters were no longer living, the places he wrote about were still there, and so I set off to see them.
I was delighted to discover that Illiers, where Marcel Proust spent his holidays as a child, and which figures in the book as Combray, is now marked on the maps as Illiers-Combray, in official recognition of the reason for this sleepy village’s wider fame.
In a narrow street just off the market square is the house in which Proust’s father, Adrien Proust, was born, and further along is the house of his aunt Élisabeth, now a Proust museum, where Élisabeth’s fictional counterpart, the bedridden Aunt Léonie, watched the world from her bedroom window. Around the corner from the house is a little boulangerie with a sign in the window announcing proudly that ‘This is where Aunt Léonie bought her madeleines’. It only occurs to me as I buy a packet of the scallop-shaped cakes, that Aunt Léonie is a creature of fiction. Never mind, Aunt Élisabeth might well have patronised the establishment, or one very like it. Up the hill there a real house called Tansonville, the name of the house occupied by Charles Swann, and later by his daughter Gilberte and her husband Robert de Saint-Loup, and further on there is a real village called Méréglise, a name almost identical to the fictional Méséglise.
Water lilies are still reflected in the glassy surface of the river Loir, which in the book bears the more poetic name the Vivonne, and beyond the stream lies the Pré Catalan, the enchanting park created by Proust’s horticulturally-minded Uncle Jules.
Each spring a group of members of The Society of Friends of Marcel Proust gather in Illiers on a Proustian pilgrimage, following a tradition originated by Marcel Proust’s brother Robert who, during the 1930s, started bringing friends here every May to enjoy the hawthorn blossom. I join them as they climb the gently sloping hawthorn path which borders the Pré Catalan. In the book this is the route to Charles Swann’s estate – Swann’s Way. From time to time the little group comes to a halt while someone reads out loud an excerpt from the text which describes the scene before us.
My own pilgrimage has an additional aim – to record a radio programme on Proust for the BBC, and so having said goodbye to my fellow pilgrims, I travel on to Cabourg, a seaside resort on the Normandy coast, and the original of the fictional Balbec. Here the Grand Hotel in all its Edwardian splendour has remained much as Proust describes it as the setting for his summer holidays with his grandmother. The great glass windows of the restaurant look out over the promenade to the beach below, and with a little imagination that group of budding young girls in bikinis is transformed into the little band of ‘jeunes filles en fleurs’ outlined against the sea.
On to Paris, and 102 Boulevard Haussmann, Proust’s home for many years, where he wrote so much of Remembrance of Things Past. The building is still owned by the same bank that purchased it from Proust’s aunt, when her inconsiderate decision to sell it forced him to move. His bedroom is still there, but unfurnished, and to see the room as it was, I visit the Musée Carnavalet, where his bed, chaise-longue and other effects are displayed in a reconstruction of the famous cork-lined room.
A walk to the gardens of the Champs Élysées brings me to an area with a sign which tells me I am in the Allée Marcel Proust. Children chase each other – perhaps playing the modern equivalent of ‘prisoner’s base’, the game played by Gilberte and her friends. This is where the real Marcel played as a child with the real Marie de Benardaky, with whom he fell in love, just as the fictional Marcel falls in love with the fictional Gilberte Swann.
In the real world the same spaces are occupied now by different people. Time has moved on, but places remain, and we have the privilege of entering, not only the imaginary world Proust created, but that portion of the real world which had a part in its creation. His presence in the places he passed through left behind a trace of magic, and we see them differently, because we see them through his eyes. One day those places, too, will have crumbled into dust, as will we ourselves, and the space we now consider ours will be occupied by others. But as long as civilization remains, those who come after will be able to share Proust’s vision and enter into his world. Proust was aware that art is the only true reality, and that through his creations the artist continues to live after his death, beyond space and beyond time.
Notes by Neville Jason
A Proust Chronology
1871, July 10 Marcel Proust born
1873, May 24 Robert Proust born
1878-1886 holiday visits to Illiers (now Illiers-Combray)
1880, spring Marcel’s first attack of asthma
1882-1888 attends the Lycée Condorcet
1888 contributes to La Revue Lilas and La Revue Verte
1889-1890 military service at Orléans
1890, January 3 death of maternal grandmother, Adèle Weil
1890, August holiday at Cabourg
1890, November enrols as a student in the Faculty of Law and at the École Libre des Sciences Politiques
1890, November-1891, September contributes to Le Mensuel
1892, March first edition of Le Banquet
1893, March last edition of Le Banquet
1893, April 13 meets Comte Robert de Montesquiou-Fezensac
1893 contributes to La Revue Blanche, degree in law
1894, May 22 meets Reynaldo Hahn
1894, December trial of Captain Alfred Dreyfus
1895, March degree in philosophy
1895, summer holiday in Brittany with Reynaldo Hahn
1896 publication of Les Plaisirs et Les Jours, writing Jean Santeuil
1897, February 6 duel with Jean Lorrain
1898, January 13 Emile Zola’s article J’Accuse published
1899 begins translation of Ruskin’s Our Fathers Have Told Us (La Bible d’Amiens)
1899, summer holiday at Évian-les-Bains, visits the Brancovan family at Amphion
1900, June and October visits Venice
1902 abandons work on Jean Santeuil
1903, November 26 death of Adrien Proust
1904 publication of La Bible d’Amiens
1905, September 26 death of Jeanne Proust
1906, June publication of Sesame and Lilies (Sésame et les Lys)
1906, July Dreyfus declared innocent
1906, December moves to 102 Boulevard Haussmann
1907, summer holiday at Cabourg, where he will spend the next seven summers. Meets Alfred Agostinelli
1908-09 begins writing Á la Recherche du Temps Perdu
1913 Agostinelli re-enters Proust’s life. Employs Celeste Albaret
1913, November Du Côté de Chez Swann (Swann’s Way) published
1914, May 30 Alfred Agostinelli dies in an aircraft accident
1918, June publication of À l’Ombre des Jeunes Filles en Fleurs (Within a Budding Grove), Pastiches et Melanges and new edition of Swann’s Way
1919, June moves to 8, rue Laurent-Pichat
1919, December Within a Budding Grove awarded the Prix Goncourt
1920, October moves to 44, rue Hamelin
1920, October Le Côté de Guermantes I (The Guermantes Way I) published
1920, April Le Côté de Guermantes II and Sodom et Gomorrhe I (Cities of the Plain I) published
1921, December 11 death of Montesquiou
1922, April Sodom et Gomorrhe II published
1922, October awarded the Légion d’Honneur
1922, November 18 death of Marcel Proust
1923 La Prisonnière (The Captive) published
1925 Albertine Disparue (The Fugitive/The Sweet Cheat Gone) published
1927 Le Temps Retrouvé (Time Regained) published
1952 Jean Santeuil published
1954 Contre Sainte-Beuve (Against Sainte-Beuve) published
Just as the abridged readings of Remembrance of Things Past may lead some listeners to read the original novel in its entirety, it may be that this spoken word overview of Proust’s life and work will encourage some to turn to the more comprehensive works which are available. The most important of these are Marcel Proust, A Life, by Jean-Yves Tadié and Marcel Proust, A Life, by William Carter. Both are works of enormous diligence and scholarship, and I freely own my indebtedness to them in the preparation of this spoken word biography. I should also like to acknowledge my debt to George D. Painter’s Marcel Proust, which I found deeply moving, and which has waited thirty-five years before being surpassed in scope and accuracy by the works of Tadié and Carter. Other works on Proust I have consulted for the purpose of this work are included in the brief bibliography.
My gratitude is also due to those who have helped, directly or indirectly, towards the completion of this project; to Nicolas Soames who commis-sioned it, and who has led me patiently and skilfully not only through this recording, but through twelve studio sessions of Remembrance of Things Past; to Dr. Cynthia Gamble, who has been immensely helpful in providing texts, checking the accuracy of certain facts, and in advising me in the translation of Proust’s poetry; to Dr. Hugh Griffiths for reading the text and making useful suggestions, to John Theocharis for making the BBC programme Proust’s Way such a memorable event, to Anne Borrell and Mireille Naturel of Les Amis de Marcel Proust for showing me around Illiers-Combray, to Barbara Bray and Emily Eels for introducing me to Proust’s Paris. Finally, my most important ‘thank you’ is to my wife Gillian for her support and encouragement throughout this project, as in all my endeavours.
Notes by Neville Jason
Elaine Claxton has worked extensively in the theatre, including London’s Royal National Theatre where she appeared in The Children’s Hour, The Machine Wreckers and Richard II. She has twice been a member of the BBC Radio Drama Company during which time she particpated
in over 200 broadcasts. She also appears on Naxos AudioBooks’ Lady Windermere’s Fan.
Gordon Griffin has recorded over 220 audiobooks. His vast range includes nine Catherine Cookson novels, books by Melvyn Bragg, David Lodge, the entire Wycliffe series by
W J Burley and his award-winning recording of A Tale of Two Cities. Gordon also appears regularly on television and in films. He was dialogue coach (Geordie) on Byker Grove and Kavanagh QC.
Denys Hawthorne’s long and distinguished career has encompassed extensive work in theatre, television and film both in England and Ireland. Drama has included Shakespeare and Chekhov, as well as many contemporary plays, while he has been seen in popular TV series including Inspector Morse and Father Ted, and The Russia House and Emma on the wide screen. Throughout, radio performance has been a constant theme, notably in drama and poetry.
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