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NA436612 - STERNE, L.: Sentimental Journey (A) (Unabridged)
Laurence Sterne (1713–1768)
When you embark on Sterne’s A Sentimental Journey Through France and Italy, you do well to remember that your first step will take you into a room where you will find unannounced characters in mid-conversation. Your second step will take you to France with Mr Yorick as your guide. Then it is well to remember that although the title indicates that you will be escorted to Italy, you won’t actually arrive there. And lastly it may pay to know that when you reach the end of the journey you are really only half-way there:
However, by that ‘next Winter’ (1768), Laurence Sterne was dead and buried in St. George’s Fields, Hanover Square, London and the subscribers were left with a book that was undoubtedly incomplete but nonetheless quite perfect in its own peculiar way. This journey is but a fragment of a journey and that but a fragment of a life.
John Cowper-Powys saw Sterne’s Sentimental Journey like a stream wandering lazily along over a flat plain, meandering gently across the landscape. It’s a good description. On this journey with the author of Tristram Shandy you will deliberately avoid the main routes and travel only where chance dictates. Yorick, your guide, will take you with him without consulting the equivalent of Baedecker or the Blue or Rough Guide. His unpredictable story will go where it wishes and you will go with him. And in the course of it you will be taken up dark alleyways and into intimate hotel bedrooms; you will find a Mystery as well as a Case of Delicacy; you will agree that an encounter is one of the best you could ever have experienced; you will disagree with an opinion and there will be a flash of wit that you will find difficult to comprehend; you will travel with the realisation that that your involvement will challenge your indifference and your joy will be balanced by sorrow.
Virginia Woolf was ahead of her own time when she described Sterne as being ahead of his.
Conversation with the people Mr Yorick meets may sometimes be difficult—both the language and the culture presenting obstacles and misinterpretations—but the language of the Heart and the observations of the Traveller will lead to a greater understanding than that reached by a mere exchange of pleasantries. Watch, observe and interpret how the characters behave by their ‘body language’: they may not make themselves clear with words but their actions will tell us much of their real feelings and their real characters. Do they move forwards to help—or retreat to avoid involvement? If they welcome the stranger with ‘respectful cordiality’, with lentil soup, wheaten bread and wine, then a peasant meal becomes a ‘feast of love’.
See how a deeper understanding of an encounter with a caged bird manages to turn what was a fixed opinion to one entirely its opposite. Observe how you react when you find yourself considering your own possible actions: should you offer help or pass by on the other side? Maria of Moulines, the Starling and the Grisette will allow you the opportunity to explore these feelings deeply and entertain you wonderfully at the same time.
My advice is to seize the opportunity of travelling on this sentimental journey with Mr Yorick—simply open your arms and give him a broad smile of welcome.
Notes by Patrick Wildgust
‘I am as happy as a prince, at Coxwould—and I wish you could see in how princely a manner I live –’tis a land of plenty. I sit down alone to venison, fish and wild fowl, or a couple of fowls or ducks, with curds, and strawberries, and cream, and all the simple plenty which a rich valley under Hambleton Hills can produce—with a clean cloth on my table—and a bottle of wine on my right hand to drink your health. I have a hundred hens and chickens about my yard—and not a parishioner catches a hare, or a rabbet, or a trout, but he brings it as an offering to me…—I am in high spirits—care never enters this cottage’
In December 1759 the first two volumes of Tristram Shandy were printed and put on sale in York. By the following year, Sterne and his hero Tristram were equally famous. The sermons Sterne had given in his earlier life were now also in print but under the name of Yorick—the fictional Parson Yorick of the novels Tristram Shandy and A Sentimental Journey. Sterne was known as both Tristram and Yorick and the difference between reality and fiction became blurred.
Shandy Hall became a reality as Sterne moved from nearby Stillington to the medieval hall in Coxwold and he took on the duties of Vicar of this delightful village. He preached in the pulpit, which can still be seen in the church, and his bones (or rather some of his bones) are buried in the churchyard alongside generations of local North Yorkshire families. His new home was christened by his friends as Shandy Hall and it has remained so called to this day.
Sterne’s house is now a lived-in museum containing the fi nest collection of editions of his works and related prints and paintings. It is open to the public on Wednesdays and Sunday afternoons from May to September, but group visits can be arranged at any time. Exhibitions and events take place regularly and details can be found on www.shandean.org or by contacting firstname.lastname@example.org.
Written by Patrick Wildgust (Curator—Shandy Hall)
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