Born in Brazil in 1934, Isaac Karabtchevsky studied conducting and composition in Germany under Wolfgang Fortner, Pierre Boulez, and Carl Ueter. Between 1969 and 1994 he directed the Brazilian Symphony Orchestra (OSB). In 2011 he became director of the Heliopolis Symphony, an orchestra composed of young musicians, most of them from disadvantaged communities in São Paulo, with whom he has developed educational and social projects. Between 1995 and 2001 he was music director of La Fenice in Venice, where he directed major opera productions, including Bartók’s Bluebeard’s Castle, The Flying Dutchman, and Don Giovanni. From 1988 to 1994 he was artistic director for the Tonkünstler in Vienna, from 2003 to 2010 of the Porto Alegre Symphony Orchestra, and from 2004 to 2009 of the Orchestre National des Pays de la Loire, in France. Since 2004 he has been artistic director of the Petrobras Symphony of Rio de Janeiro.