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ANTONIO SALIERI  

(1750 - 1825)

Thanks to Pushkin and Rimsky-Korsakov, as well as Shaffer and the film Amadeus, Salieri has been cast as the villain in the tragedy of Mozart's early death. Antonio Salieri occupied a position of great importance in the music of Vienna. From 1774 he was court composer and conductor of the Italian opera, serving as court Kapellmeister from 1788 until 1824. Born in Legnago, he was brought as a boy to Vienna by Florian Gassmann, his predecessor as court Kapellmeister who supervised his musical training and education. He owed much to the influence and patronage of Gluck, to whom he seemed a natural successor in the field of opera. He won similar success to the latter also in Paris with his operas for the French stage. His pupils included Beethoven and Schubert, Czerny, Hummel, Moscheles and one of Mozart's sons. He was a prolific composer, principally in vocal music of all kinds.

Operas

Salieri wrote some 45 operas, ranging from Tarare, with a libretto by Beaumarchais, for Paris and settings of libretti by Lorenzo da Ponte for Vienna to the Shakespearean comedy Falstaff and the operetta Prima la musica poi le parole (First the Music then the Words), staged at the imperial palace of Schönbrunn in 1786 on the same evening as Mozart's German Singspiel Der Schauspieldirektor (The Impresario).

Vocal and Choral Music

Salieri wrote a quantity of church music, as well as oratorios. He left still more secular vocal music, ranging from cantatas and choruses to duets and solo arias.

Instrumental Music

Rather less instrumental music by Salieri survives. This includes music for the ballet, sinfonias, concertos and music for various smaller ensembles.

Orchestral Music

As well as a significant quantity of ballet music, Salieri wrote concertos, including an organ concerto and a piano concerto, a Birthday Symphony and a set of variations on La folia di Spagna, (The Folly of Spain) the dance tune used by Corelli and many other Baroque composers.

Chamber Music

Salieri's chamber music consists principally of serenades, cassations and marches.


Role: Classical Composer 
Album Title
Catalogue No  Work Category 
100 MASTERPIECES OF SACRED CHORAL MUSIC Capriccio
C7155
Choral - Sacred
Choral Music - EYBLER, J. / HERBECK, J.R. / SALIERI, A. / MOZART, W.A. / HAYDN, M. (Musik der Wiener Hofkapelle) (West German Radio Chorus) Phoenix Edition
Phoenix112
Choral - Sacred
DIVAS OF MOZART'S DAY - Arias written for Catarina Cavalieri, Nancy Storace and others Cedille
CDR90000-064
Opera, Vocal
Imperial Fanfares Naxos
8.555879
Orchestral
Italian Oboe Concertos, Vol. 2 Naxos
8.554772
Concertos
MOZART ERA (Meister der Mozart-Zeit) - KRAUS, J.M. / NAUMANN, J.G. / SALIERI, A. / ROSETTI, A. / DITTERSDORF, C.D. von / GLUCK, C.W. Capriccio
C67100-02
Orchestral
MUSICAL JOURNEY (A) - SICILY: A Musical Tour of the Island's Past and Present (NTSC) Naxos
2.110518
Classical Concert
PERCORSI DELLA MUSICA ITALIANA DAL '500 AL '700 Tactus
TC950001
Chamber Music
SALIERI, A.: Chamber Music (Musica per Harmonie) (Italiano di Fiati) Tactus
TC751902
Chamber Music
SALIERI, A.: Chamber Music (Pollastri, Quartetto Amati) Tactus
TC751901
Chamber Music
SALIERI, A.: Concerto for Oboe, Violin and Cello in D Major / Concerto for Flute and Oboe in C Major / Sinfonia, "La Veneziana" (Budapest Strings) Capriccio
C10530
Concertos, Orchestral
SALIERI, A.: Falstaff (Schwetzingen Festival, 1995) (NTSC) Arthaus Musik
100023
Opera DVD
SALIERI, A.: Falstaff (Schwetzingen Festival, 1995) (NTSC) Arthaus Musik
102306
Opera DVD
SALIERI, A.: Falstaff (Schwetzingen Festival, 1995) (PAL) Arthaus Musik
100022
Opera DVD
SALIERI, A.: Overtures / Scherzos / Divertimentos (Pollastri, Quartetto Amati) Tactus
TB751903
Chamber Music
SALIERI, A.: Passione di Gesu Cristo (Spering) Capriccio
C60100
Choral - Sacred
SALIERI, A.: Sinfonia, "La Veneziana" / Concertos (Budapest Strings) Capriccio
C5087
Concertos, Orchestral, Concertos
SALIERI: Danaides (Les) Oehms Classics
OC909
Opera
SALIERI: Overtures Marco Polo
8.223381
Orchestral
SALIERI: Overtures Naxos
8.554838
Orchestral, Opera, Orchestral
SALIERI: Tarare (NTSC) Arthaus Musik
100557
Opera DVD




 
 
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