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ARAM IL'YICH KHACHATURIAN

Aram Khachaturian was one of the most popular composers of the Soviet period of Russian history, successfully managing to combine the folk music of his native Armenia with the more formal Russian musical tradition as represented by Rimsky-Korsakov. Born in 1903, he showed early signs of a love of music, but his formal training did not begin until 1922, when he was admitted to the famous Gnessin Institute in Moscow (his family having moved there the previous year) and continued at the Moscow Conservatory with the eminent composer Myaskovsky. The first major work of Khachaturian to be performed was his Symphony No. 1 (1934). International acclaim greeted his rumbustious Piano Concerto of 1936, the success of which was quickly duplicated with the Violin Concerto of 1940, and throughout the 1940s Khachaturian composed many successful works, such as the ballet Gayaneh with its famous Sabre Dance (1942), his Symphony No. 2 (1943) and Cello Concerto (1946).

In 1947 Khachaturian was criticized for ‘excessive formalism’ and as a result concentrated on composing film scores, in the early 1950s adding teaching and conducting to his work as a composer. Following the death of Stalin in 1953 he was one of the first musicians to propose greater freedom for composers. In 1954 he composed the ballet Spartacus, the Suite from which is probably his best-known work, not least because of its stunning adagio movement, popularised as the theme for the 1970s British television series The Onedin Line. He died in 1978, an established figure within Russian music.

Although remembered primarily as a composer who was most successful in dealing with pictorial subjects such as ballets, films and incidental music to plays, Khachaturian was quite active in his later years as a conductor, especially of his own works, and was sufficiently trusted by the Communist regime to be allowed to appear in this role in both Europe and the USA. His recorded output was not large, but included for Melodya his Symphony No. 2, Piano Concerto (with Lev Oborin) and Violin Concerto (with David Oistrakh) with the National Philharmonic Orchestra. He made second recordings of both the Piano Concerto (with Ivan Petrov) and the Violin Concerto (with Leonid Kogan), as well as the suite The Battle of Stalingrad, with the USSR State Symphony Orchestra. With the Moscow Radio Symphony Orchestra, Khachaturian conducted two recordings of his Concert Rhapsody for Cello and Orchestra (with Petrov and Shakhovskaya) and his Concert Rhapsody for Piano and Orchestra (with Petrov); and with the Bolshoi Theatre Orchestra, he conducted and recorded a suite from Masquerade. In 1955 for EMI, Khachaturian conducted and recorded the Violin Concerto with Oistrakh and the Philharmonia Orchestra, as well as In Memoriam and suites from Gayaneh and Masquerade, returning to the EMI studios in 1977 to record suites from Gayaneh and Spartacus. Khachaturian made probably his best-selling disc in 1962 for Decca: it consisted once again of suites from Gayaneh and Spartacus, but this time in performances with the Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra, captured in sound of the highest quality. It was this recording which was used as the theme music for the television series The Onedin Line. A recording of his Symphony No. 2 was also made by Decca at this time with the same forces.

Box Set Release Catalogue Number
Classical Moments 1-3 Naxos 8.506004

View by Role: Classical Composer | Conductor
Role: Classical Composer 
Album Title
Catalogue No  Work Category 
101 GREAT ORCHESTRAL CLASSICS, Vol. 5 Naxos
8.551145
Orchestral
40 TRACKS FOR 40 YEARS - Delos' 40th Anniversary Celebration Delos
DE3440
Ballet
ADAGIO 2 Naxos
8.553841
Orchestral
AMERICA'S BAND IN BLUE: Prairie Overture Altissimo
75442271012
Wind Ensemble/Band Music
BEETHOVEN: Violin Sonata No. 9, "Kreutzer" / LECLAIR: Violin Sonata in D Major (Oistrakh) (1953) Naxos Classical Archives
9.80042
Chamber Music
BOYS GOTTA DANCE! Delos
DE1623
Orchestral
Cello and Orchestra Music - KHACHATURIAN, A.I. / ZAKARIAN, S. / SHARAFYAN, V. (Armenian Rhapsody) (Chaushian, Armenian Philharmonic, Topchian) BIS
BIS-CD-1948
Concertos
CENTRE (THE), Vol. 2 Naxos
8.554903-04DX
Orchestral
CLASSICAL CAFFEINE Delos
DE1628
Orchestral
CLASSICAL MOMENTS 2: Classical Music for Love Naxos
8.555358
Orchestral
CLASSICAL WELLNESS - Musical Tonics for Mind, Body and Spirit (3-CD Box Set) Delos
DE3464
Orchestral
DE LYSE NAETTER - Stemningsfuld musik pa 3 CD'er (The Light Nights - Evocative Music on 3 CDs) Naxos
8.503148DK
Orchestral
Discover the Classics, Vol. 2 Naxos Educational
8.554246-47
Orchestral
ENCHANTED LAKE (THE) - Sensual Music by Mozart, Mahler, Grieg, Sibelius, Rachmaninov, Tchaikovsky, Borodin, Liadov, Shostakovich, and others Naxos
8.555358DK
Ballet
EXTREME CLASSICS Naxos
8.557941-42
Orchestral
GIRLS GOTTA DANCE! - Rhythms to excite the muscles, Symmetry to stimulate the brain, Melodies to delight the heart Delos
DE1624
Ballet, Orchestral
GLAZUNOV / LIADOV / BOHME: Music for Brass BIS
BIS-CD-1274
Chamber Music
GREAT BALLET (10-CD Box Set) Naxos
8.501055
Orchestral
Great Love Songs Naxos International
8.990020
Orchestral
GREAT ORCHESTRAL CLASSICS 5 (Australia) Naxos
8.570040
Orchestral
Great Waltzes Naxos
8.553337
Orchestral
GREAT WALTZES (The) - The Essential Collection Naxos
8.578041-42
Orchestral
GREATS of the GRAMOPHONE, Vol. 1 Naxos Nostalgia
8.120569
Orchestral
Guitar Recital: Michalis Kontaxakis Naxos
8.570191
Instrumental
HEIFETZ, J.: Transcriptions (Aharonian, Safonova) Delos
DE3351
Chamber Music
Heifetz, Jascha: Encores, Vol. 1 (1946-1956) Naxos Historical
8.112072
Chamber Music
KABALEVSKY, D.B.: Cello Concerto No. 2 / KHACHATURIAN, A.I.: Cello Concerto in E Minor (Lidstrom) BIS
BIS-CD-719
Concertos
KHACHATURIAN (Documentary, 2003) (NTSC) EuroArts
2058278
Classical Documentary
KHACHATURIAN, A.: Othello Suite / The Battle of Stalingrad Suite (Slovak Radio Symphony, Adriano) Naxos
8.573389
Orchestral, Film and TV Music
KHACHATURIAN, A.I.: Ballet Music Naxos
8.554054
Orchestral, Ballet
KHACHATURIAN, A.I.: Cello Concerto / Concerto-Rhapsody for Cello and Orchestra (Yablonsky, Moscow City Symphony, Fedotov) Naxos
8.570463
Concertos
KHACHATURIAN, A.I.: Gayane Suite No. 1 / Masquerade Suite / BORODIN, A.P.: Prince Igor (Vodka and Caviar) Delos
DE3288
Orchestral, Ballet
KHACHATURIAN, A.I.: Gayane Suite No. 2 / Spartacus Suite No. 2 / PROKOFIEV, S.: Cinderella Suite No. 1 (Anichanov, Kuchar) Naxos
8.572927
Orchestral
KHACHATURIAN, A.I.: Gayane Suites Nos. 1- 3 Naxos
8.550800
Orchestral
KHACHATURIAN, A.I.: Othello / The Battle of Stalingrad (Slovak Radio Symphony, Adriano) Marco Polo
8.223314
Orchestral, Film and TV Music
KHACHATURIAN, A.I.: Piano Concerto / Concert Rhapsody Naxos
8.550799
Concertos
KHACHATURIAN, A.I.: Piano Concerto / PROKOFIEV, S.: Piano Concerto No. 3 (Atamian, Seattle Symphony, Schwarz) Delos
DE3155
Concertos
KHACHATURIAN, A.I.: Piano Sonata / BARTOK, B.: Piano Sonata / PIAZZOLLA, A.: 3 Preludes (Waters) Divox
CDX-29103
Instrumental
KHACHATURIAN, A.I.: Spartacus (1968 Bolshoi version) (arr. Y. Grigorovich) (Jurowski) Capriccio
C5112
Ballet
KHACHATURIAN, A.I.: Spartacus (Australian Ballet) (NTSC) Opus Arte
OAF4017D
Ballet DVD
KHACHATURIAN, A.I.: Spartacus (version by Y. Vamos) (Brandenburgische Philharmonic Potsdam, Tuggle) Divox
CDX-39307
Ballet
KHACHATURIAN, A.I.: Spartacus / Ode in Memory of Lenin / Ode to Joy (Russian Philharmonia, Orbelian) Delos
DE3328
Ballet, Orchestral, Choral - Secular
KHACHATURIAN, A.I.: Spartacus [Ballet] (Jurowski) Capriccio
C10817-18
Ballet
KHACHATURIAN, A.I.: Spartacus, Suite No. 4 / Masquerade / Circus Naxos
8.550802
Ballet, Orchestral
KHACHATURIAN, A.I.: Spartacus, Suites Nos. 1- 3 Naxos
8.550801
Orchestral
KHACHATURIAN, A.I.: Violin Concerto / Concerto-Rhapsody Naxos
8.555919
Concertos
KHACHATURIAN, A.I.: Violin Concerto / Concerto-Rhapsody for Violin and Orchestra (Koeckert, Royal Philharmonic, Serebrier) Naxos
8.570988
Concertos
KHACHATURIAN: Spartacus (NTSC) Arthaus Musik
101115
Ballet DVD
KLASSISKA FAVORITER, Vol. 2 Naxos
8.550554
Orchestral
LAUGH WITH CLASSICAL MUSIC Delos
DE1627
Orchestral
LISTEN, LEARN AND GROW: Playtime Fun and Games Naxos Educational
8.555812
Orchestral
MAYA PLISETSKAYA - DIVA OF DANCE (NTSC) EuroArts
2054938
Ballet DVD
MEDTNER: Piano Sonata, Op. 22 / KABALEVSKY: Piano Sonata, Op. 46 (Moiseiwitsch, Vol. 7) (1928-1948) Naxos Historical
8.110675
Instrumental
MUSICAL JOURNEY (A) – CRIMEA / RUSSIA / UZBEKISTAN (NTSC) Naxos
2.110291
Classical Concert
My First Ballet Album Naxos
8.578205
Orchestral
Naxos Audiophile Kingdom Naxos
8.554915DX
Orchestral
Orchestral Music - KHACHATURIAN, A.I. / PROKOFIEV, S. / RIMSKY-KORSAKOV, N.A. / GLINKA, M.I. / SHOSTAKOVICH, D. (Kurtz) (1946, 1947) Naxos Classical Archives
9.81165
Orchestral
Orchestral Music (Russian) - KHACHATURIAN, A.I. / PROKOFIEV,S. / GLAZUNOV, A.K. / TCHAIKOVSKY, P.I. (Russian Adagios) Ondine
ODE938-2
Ballet
PANDA CLASSICS - Issue Nos. 1-3 (3CD box set) Naxos
8.503204
Orchestral
PAPERNO, Dmitry: Uncommon Encores Cedille
CDR90000-007
Instrumental
Piano Recital: Kamangar, Tara - GLINKA, M.I. / HOSSEIN, A. / KHACHATURIAN, A.I. / SHOSTAKOVICH, D. (East of Melancholy) Delos
DE3471
Instrumental
Piano Recital: Paperno, Dmitry - SCARLATTI, D. / CZERNY, C. / MOSZKOWSKI, M. / TCHAIKOVSKY, P.I. / RACHMANINOV, S. (The Virtuoso Paperno) Cedille
CDR3003
Instrumental
PONTINEN, Roland: RUSSIAN PIANO MUSIC BIS
BIS-CD-276
Instrumental
PROKOFIEV / KHACHATURIAN / GLAZUNOV: Ballets (Bolshoi Ballet, 1989-1990) (NTSC) Arthaus Musik
101335
Ballet DVD
PROKOFIEV, S.: Piano Concerto No. 3 / KHACHATURIAN, A.I.: Piano Concerto (Kapell) (1946, 1949) Naxos Historical
8.110673
Concertos
Russian Ballet Favourites Naxos
8.554063
Orchestral
RUSSIAN FAVORITES Naxos
8.571094
Orchestral
Russian Festival Naxos
8.550085
Orchestral
RUSSIAN FESTIVAL Naxos
8.570047
Orchestral
SHABOYAN, Sona: Piano Music from Armenia Oehms Classics
OC374
Instrumental
SITKOVETSKY, Yulian: Art of Yulian Sitkovetsky (The), Vol. 5 Artek
AR-0031-2
Concertos
SVEN GORAN ERIKSSONS - Klassiska Favoriter Naxos
8.503135
Orchestral
SVENSKA FOLKETS ONSKEKONSERT Naxos
8.557192
Orchestral
TCHAIKOVSKY, P.I.: 1812 Overture / KHACHATURIAN, A.I.: Spartacus Naxos
8.553248
Orchestral
TREASURES OF THE RUSSIAN BALLET (NTSC) ICA Classics
ICAD5074
Ballet DVD
ULTIMATE BALLET ALBUM (THE) Naxos
8.570011-12
Orchestral
UNITED STATES AIR FORCE BAND OF THE GOLDEN GATE: Music in Motion Altissimo
75442270462
Wind Ensemble/Band Music
UNITED STATES AIR FORCE STRING ORCHESTRA: Collage Altissimo
75442270962
Orchestral
UNITED STATES AIR FORCE STRINGS: International Mosaic Altissimo
75442263062
Orchestral
UNITED STATES MILITARY BANDS: Kiss My Brass Altissimo
75442255902
Wind Ensemble/Band Music
WAGNER / LISZT / RAVEL / TCHAIKOVSKY: Orchestral Spectacular Naxos
8.571081
Orchestral
WALDBUHNE IN BERLIN 1993 - Russian Night (Ozawa) (PAL) Arthaus Musik
107163
Classical Concert
WALDBÜHNE IN BERLIN 2009-2011 (3 Blu-Ray Disc Box Set, Full-HD) EuroArts
2059984
Ballet DVD
WALDBÜHNE IN BERLIN 2009-2011 (3 DVD Box Set) (NTSC) EuroArts
2059988
Ballet DVD
WALDBUHNE IN BERLIN 2010 - An Evening with Renee Fleming (Marin) (Blu-ray, Full-HD) EuroArts
2058074
Ballet DVD
WALDBUHNE IN BERLIN 2010 - An Evening with Renee Fleming (Marin) (NTSC) EuroArts
2058078
Ballet DVD
WITH LOVE TO YOU Naxos
8.557789
Orchestral
WOMEN AT THE PIANO - AN ANTHOLOGY OF HISTORIC PERFORMANCES, Vol. 3 (1928-1954) Naxos Historical
8.111217
Instrumental

Role: Conductor 
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