CHRISTOPH GRAUPNER (1683 - 1760)
In 1696 the German composer Christoph Graupner entered the
Thomasschule in Leipzig, where J. S. Bach was later to teach. His period in
Leipzig brought friendship with Telemann, then working in the city. In 1707
he moved to Hamburg as harpsichordist at the opera, later moving to Darmstadt
where, in 1712, he became Kapellmeister to the Landgrave of Hessen-Darmstadt.
He applied for the position of Thomascantor in Leipzig, after Telemann had withdrawn
his candidacy, and was chosen in preference of J. S. Bach, but was compelled
by his employer to remain in Darmstadt, where he remained until his death in
Operas and Vocal Music
Graupner wrote operas for Hamburg, some in collaboration with
Reinhard Keiser, and further such works during his earlier days at Darmstadt.
His appointment in Darmstadt also brought the composition of some 1418 church
cantatas, and a smaller number of secular cantatas.
Orchestral, Instrumental and Keyboard Music
Graupner was equally prolific in his composition of 113 symphonies
and a number of solo concertos and concertos for groups of soloists. His works
for smaller ensembles include trio sonatas, and for the harpsichord, on which
he was a noted performer, a quantity of suites in the style and forms of the