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DARIUS MILHAUD

Born into a Jewish family in the southern French city of Aix-en-Provence, Darius Milhaud was trained at the Paris Conservatoire; originally a violinist, he turned to composition. He enjoyed a close association with the diplomat-poet Paul Claudel, whom he accompanied to Brazil as secretary when Claudel was appointed Minister at the French delegation in Rio de Janeiro. On his return to Paris in 1918, after two years abroad, Milhaud was for a time in the circle of Jean Cocteau and a member of the diverse group of French composers known as Les Six. Extremely prolific as a composer in many genres, Milhaud spent the years of the Second World War in the United States, where he taught, combining this position with a similar post at the Paris Conservatoire after 1947.

Stage Works

Darius Milhaud wrote a considerable amount of music for the theatre (operas, ballets and incidental music) as well as film and radio scores. Collaboration with Claudel brought the opera Christophe Colombe and incidental music for plays ranging from those of Shakespeare to the work of contemporaries such as Brecht, Supervielle, Giraudoux and Anouilh. With Cocteau he wrote the ballets Le Boeuf sur le Toit (‘The Ox on the Roof’) and the jazz La Création du Monde (‘The Creation of the World’). These represent only a small fraction of his dramatic work.

Orchestral Music

Milhaud was equally prolific as a composer of orchestral music of all kinds, including 12 symphonies and a variety of concertos, some of which reflect the influence of his native Provence.

Vocal and Choral Music

Milhaud also contributed widely to the repertoire of French song. His settings (both choral and solo voice with piano) are of texts from a great variety of sources, including Rabindranath Tagore, André Gide, and the words of Pope John XXIII (the last in a choral symphony Pacem in terris). He contributed to Cocteau’s Les Mariés de la tour Eiffel and, as a gesture, set to music an agricultural appliance catalogue. Other works reflect his Jewish background.

Chamber Music

Milhaud wrote 18 string quartets and provided useful additions to duo sonata repertoire, not least for the viola. His Quatre Visages of 1943 for viola and piano comprises musical representations of four different kinds of girls. For wind quintet he composed the charming suite La Cheminée du Roi René, and for oboe, clarinet and bassoon he wrote the attractive Pastorale. The works show his characteristically French adroitness in writing for woodwind instruments.

Piano Music

Two works in particular have proved attractive additions to repertoire. The first, Saudades do Brasil, a suite for piano, is based on music heard in Brazil during the composer’s stay there between 1916 and 1918. Scaramouche, arranged for two pianos from incidental music for Molière’s Le Médécin volant, is a lively jeu d’esprit, in the spirit of the commedia dell’arte character of the title. La Muse ménagère (‘The Domestic Muse’) reflects the necessary wartime attempts at house-keeping by his actress wife.


Albums featuring this artist are available for download from ClassicsOnline.com
View by Role: Classical Artist | Classical Composer | Conductor
Role: Classical Artist 
Album Title  Catalogue No  Work Category 

Role: Classical Composer 
Album Title
Catalogue No  Work Category 
20TH CENTURY FRENCH WIND TRIOS Cedille
CDR90000-040
Chamber Music
AMERICA'S BAND IN BLUE: Prairie Overture Altissimo
75442271012
Wind Ensemble/Band Music
ANIMALS IN MUSIC Naxos
8.578281-82
Ballet
BEZALY, Sharon: French Delights BIS
BIS-SACD-1639
Chamber Music
Chamber Music - SAINT-SAENS, C. / MILHAUD, D. / DEBUSSY, C. / HONEGGER, A. (French Music for Clarinet and Piano) (Veglianti, Polimanti) Naxos
9.70166
Chamber Music
CHOPIN, F.: Rondo in C Major / SCHUBERT, F.: Fantasie in F Minor / LISZT, F.: Concerto pathetique / MILHAUD, D.: Scaramouche (Vronsky, Babin) (1956) Naxos Classical Archives
9.80287
Instrumental
Choral Concert: Orphei Drangar - KREEK, C. / EESPERE, R. / LEMBA, A. / SODERMAN, A. / SANDSTROM, S.-D. / ORBAN, G. (De Profundis) BIS
BIS-2053
Choral - Sacred
Choral Concert: United States Army Chorus - SCHUBERT, F. / LULLY, J.-B. / MILHAUD, D. / CURTIS, E. de (In Concert) Altissimo
75442270782
Choral - Sacred
Clarinet Recital: Ashkenazy, Dimitri - POULENC, F. / DEBUSSY, C. / MILHAUD, D. / BOZZA, E. (French Clarinet Music) Paladino Music
PMR0055
Chamber Music
Clarinet Recital: Feilmair, Benjamin - HOROVITZ, J. / MARTINŮ, B. / MILHAUD, D. / GERSHWIN, G. / GRGIN, A. (Don't Mind The Gap!) Paladino Music
PMR0044
Chamber Music
Clarinet Recital: Manno, Ralph - DEBUSSY, C. / POULENC, F. / HONEGGER, A. / SCHMITT, F. / MILHAUD, D. (French Clarinet Rhapsody) Oehms Classics
OC114
Chamber Music
CLASSICAL CAFFEINE Delos
DE1628
Chamber Music
CLASSICAL WELLNESS - Musical Tonics for Mind, Body and Spirit (3-CD Box Set) Delos
DE3464
Chamber Music
DANCING ON THE EDGE OF A VOLCANO - Jewish Cabaret Music, Popular and Political Songs, 1900-1945 Cedille
CDR90000-065
Vocal
DEBUSSY / MILHAUD / RAVEL / SCHUBERT: Songs BIS
BIS-CD-34
Vocal
Diamonds BIS
BIS-CD-1233
Choral - Sacred
FAURE: Dolly / DEBUSSY: En blanc et noir / RAVEL: Ma mere l'oye (Robin, Joy) (1955) Naxos Classical Archives
9.80186
Instrumental
FRANCAIX: Wind Quintet No. 1 / MILAUD: La Cheminee du roi Rene / BIS
BIS-CD-536
Chamber Music
FRENCH MUSIC FOR WIND QUINTET Naxos
8.557356
Chamber Music
GENESIS SUITE (1945) Naxos
8.559442
Orchestral
GIRLS GOTTA DANCE! - Rhythms to excite the muscles, Symmetry to stimulate the brain, Melodies to delight the heart Delos
DE1624
Chamber Music
Guitar Recital: Ricardo Gallen Naxos
8.554832
Instrumental
HEIFETZ, J.: Transcriptions (Aharonian, Safonova) Delos
DE3351
Chamber Music
Heifetz, Jascha: Encores, Vol. 2 (1946-1947) Naxos Historical
8.112073
Chamber Music
IBERT / TOMASI / RAVEL / MAURICE / SCHMITT / MILHAUD: Works for Saxophone and Orchestra BIS
BIS-CD-1357
Orchestral
IBERT: Histoires… / MAURICE: Tableaux de Provence BIS
BIS-CD-209
Chamber Music
INTRODUCING THE WORLD OF AMERICAN JEWISH MUSIC Naxos
8.559406
Chamber Music, Choral - Sacred
JEWISH MUSIC OF THE DANCE Naxos
8.559439
Orchestral
JEWISH STRING QUARTETS Naxos
8.559451
Chamber Music
LEONARD BERNSTEIN ANNIVERSARY BOX (NTSC) EuroArts
2057068
Classical Concert
MICHAELS, Patrice: La vie est une parade Cedille
CDR90000-070
Vocal
MILHAUD, D.: Alissa / L'Amour Chante / Poemes Juifs (Farley, Constable) Naxos
8.572298
Vocal
MILHAUD, D.: Amours de Ronsard (Les) / Concertino d'ete (Philharmonic Chamber Ensemble, Milhaud) (1952) Naxos Classical Archives
9.81149
Choral - Secular, Concertos
MILHAUD, D.: Cantate de l'enfant et de la mere / La muse menagere (Milhaud) (1945, 1950) Naxos Classical Archives
9.80919
Instrumental, Choral - Secular
MILHAUD, D.: Chateau de feu (Le) / La mort du tyran / Introduction et marche funebre from Le quatorze juillet (Milhaud) (1958) Naxos Classical Archives
9.80963
Choral - Secular, Orchestral, Choral - Secular
MILHAUD, D.: Christophe Colomb (Boulez) (1954) Naxos Classical Archives
9.81022-23
Opera
MILHAUD, D.: Creation du monde (La) / Le Boeuf sur le toit / Suite provencale Naxos
8.557287
Orchestral, Ballet
MILHAUD, D.: Creation du monde (La) / WILLIAMS, J.: Catch Me If You Can (Delangle, Swedish Wind Ensemble, Lindberg) BIS
BIS-1640
Wind Ensemble/Band Music
MILHAUD, D.: Quintets Nos. 1 and 2 (The Stanley Quartet, B. Smith, C. Thompson) (1952) Naxos Classical Archives
9.81150
Chamber Music
MILHAUD, D.: String Quartet No. 1 / RAVEL, M.: String Quartet in F Major / CHAUSSON, E.: Chanson perpetuelle (Petersen Quartet) Capriccio
C10860
Chamber Music
MILHAUD, D.: String Quartet No. 1, Op. 5 / CHAUSSON, E.: Chanson perpetuelle / RAVEL, M.: String Quartet in F Major (Petersen Quartet) Capriccio
C71002
Chamber Music
MILHAUD, D.: Suite / Scaramouche / Violin Sonata No. 2 (Fessard, Pelassy, Reyes) Naxos
8.572278
Chamber Music
MILHAUD, D.: Vocal Music (Katz, Cyferstein) Timpani
1C1142
Vocal
MILHAUD: 4 Visages / ENESCU: Concert Piece BIS
BIS-CD-829
Chamber Music
MILHAUD: Overture Mediterraneenne / Kentuckiana / Cortege Funebre / Quatre Chansons de Ronsard First Edition
FECD-0031
Vocal, Orchestral
MILHAUD: Saudades do Brazil / La muse menagere / L'album de Madame Bovary Naxos
8.553443
Instrumental
MILHAUD: Scaramouche / GLAZUNOV: Saxophone Concerto / IBERT: Concertino da Camera Marco Polo
8.223374
Orchestral
MILHAUD: Service Sacre Naxos
8.559409
Choral - Sacred
Music for Saxophone and Orchestra Naxos
8.554784
Orchestral
Music for Saxophone and Orchestra Naxos
8.557063
Orchestral
My First Ballet Album Naxos
8.578205
Ballet
OD (Orphei Drangar) Highlights BIS
BIS-CD-383
Choral - Sacred
PEKINEL, Guher and Suher: Live in Concert (NTSC) Arthaus Musik
101349
Classical Concert
Piano Duo Recital: Gold, Arthur / Fizdale, Robert - STRAVINSKY, I. / HINDEMITH, P. / BARBER, S. (Music for 2 Pianos, 1900-1952) (1951-1953) Naxos Classical Archives
9.81025-26
Concertos
Piano Music - MILHAUD, D. / NEPOMUCENO, A. / INFANTE, M. (A. Iturbi, J. Iturbi) (1952-1953) Naxos Classical Archives
9.81085
Instrumental
PIANO MUSIC FOR STUDENTS - Associated Board Piano Examination, Grades 1-7 (1994) Marco Polo
AB-80101
Instrumental
Piano Recital: Kessel, Susanne - RACHMANINOV, S. / BACH, J.S. / MILHAUD, D. / KRENEK, E. / HUPFELD, H. (Californian Concert) Oehms Classics
OC534
Instrumental
PONTINEN: Blue Winder / MILHAUD: Concertino d'hiver BIS
BIS-CD-348
Concertos
PRESIDENT'S OWN UNITED STATES MARINE BAND: Live in Concert Altissimo
75442270512
Wind Ensemble/Band Music
SCHMID, Benjamin: Concert Pieces Oehms Classics
OC309
Chamber Music
SEASONS (The) (Berlin Philharmonic Wind Quintet) BIS
BIS-2072
Chamber Music
SIX (Les): Maries de la Tour Eiffel (Les) Marco Polo
8.223788
Orchestral, Chamber Music
UNITED STATES ARMY FIELD BAND: Legacy of Edwin Franko Goldman (The) Altissimo
75442260702
Wind Ensemble/Band Music
VIRTUOSO PERCUSSION MUSIC BIS
BIS-CD-149
Concertos
Vocal Recital: Kammer, Salome - HOLLAENDER, F. / NELSON, R. / SCHOENBERG, A. / WEILL, K. / MILHAUD, D. (I hate music - but I like to sing) Capriccio
C67195
Vocal
Vocal Recital: Ricci, Celine - SAUGUET, H. / MILHAUD, D. / SATIE, E. / POULENC, F. / AURIC, G. (Cirque) Dorian Sono Luminus
DSL-92125
Vocal, Instrumental
WOMEN AT THE PIANO - AN ANTHOLOGY OF HISTORIC PERFORMANCES, Vol. 1 (1926-1952) Naxos Historical
8.111120
Instrumental

Role: Conductor 
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Catalogue No  Work Category 





 
 
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