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EMMERICH KALMAN  

(1882 - 1953)

Emmerich Kálmán was born on 24 October 1882 in the Hungarian town of Siofok. His father was a well-to-do businessman but was reduced to bankruptcy during Kálmán’s childhood, an experience which left a lasting mark on young Kálmán’s imagination. The family moved to Budapest, then one of the twin capitals of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and despite his father’s determination that Kálmán should make a career in law it soon became evident that the call of music was too strong to be ignored. Originally Kálmán’s ambition was to be a concert pianist, but this was thwarted by an affliction to his arm-muscles. In Kálmán’s own words “I was as one who had fallen from the clouds, a very serious and very sad young man”. Indeed, according to that great historian of Viennese operetta, Bernard Grun, Kálmán remained that way inclined all his life. “Even at times of his greatest triumphs”, wrote Grun, “the stocky man with the friendly blue eyes generally looked very serious and very sad. Rapture and high spirits were as foreign to his nature as bad manners and uncouthness. The Csardas-cavalier was a sober and careful citizen who did his work, kept his finances in order and quietly went on his way.”

But to return to Kálmán’s youth. He studied composition in Budapest with Professor Koessler, who also taught Bartók and Kodály. In 1907 his serious compositions won him the prestigious Franz-Joseph Prize of the City of Budapest, but within a year he had registered his first outstanding success as an operetta composer. This was Herbstmanöver (Autumn Manoeuvres), which not only brought him to the attention of the operetta moguls in Vienna, but even reached the stages of London and New York. Within a couple of years Kálmán had moved to Vienna, a city which, since the rebirth of operetta with Lehár’s irresistible Merry Widow in 1905, had been gripped by a positive epidemic of operetta fever. With Der Zigeunerprimás (1912) Kálmán achieved what he himself always regarded as his finest score, and it moved the authoritative critic Richard Specht to write: “If, after the experiences of the past season, I were to choose one of the operetta-maestri as the man for whose talents I had the highest hopes, that man would be Kálmán.” Specht’s hopes were not betrayed when, in 1915, Kálmán produced what was to remain his greatest popular success, Die Csárdásfürstin (The Gypsy Princess). Outstanding among his later works were the enchanting Gräfin Maritza (Countess Maritza) (1924) and Die Zirkusprinzessin (The Circus Princess) (1926), and at least four of his other operettas were a great deal more than merely passing successes. In 1938 Kálmán sought refuge from the Nazis in the United States. After the war he returned to Europe and died in Paris on 30 October 1953.

Box Set Release Catalogue Number
Classic Bouquet Naxos 8.505080
Komm Czigan! Die Welt der Operette Naxos 8.503046

View by Role: Classical Composer | Lyricist
Role: Classical Composer 
Album Title
Catalogue No  Work Category 
A TO Z OF OPERA (The) (2nd expanded edition) Naxos Educational
8.558216-17
Operetta
BEST OF OPERETTA, VOL. 1 Naxos
8.570049
Operetta
BEST OF OPERETTA, Vol. 1 Naxos
8.550941
Operetta
BEST OF OPERETTA, Vol. 2 Naxos
8.550942
Operetta
BEST OF OPERETTA, Vol. 3 Naxos
8.550943
Operetta
BJORLING, Jussi: Bjorling Collection, Vol. 1: Opera and Operetta Recordings (1930-1938) Naxos Historical
8.110722
Opera
CAPRICER MED OD, Vol. 3 (1976-1981) BIS
BIS-NL-CD-5022
Choral - Secular
GOLDEN AGE OF SALON MUSIC (The) (Schwanen Salon Orchestra, G. Huber) Naxos
8.578003-04
Chamber Music
KALMAN, E.: Csardasfurstin (Die) (The Gypsy Princess) (Opera Australia) (NTSC) Opus Arte
OAF4018D
Opera DVD
KALMAN, E.: Csardasfurstin (Die) / Kaiserin Josephine / Grafin Mariza (Marton, Niskanen) Capriccio
C10849
Opera, Operetta, Orchestral, Operetta
KALMAN, E.: Grafin Mariza [Operetta] (Reinshagen) (1950) Naxos Classical Archives
9.80929
Operetta
KALMAN, E.: Zirkusprinzessin (Die) [Operetta] (Studio Production, 1969) (NTSC) Arthaus Musik
101596
Opera DVD
KALMAN: Csardasfurstin (Die) (The Csardas Princess) Oehms Classics
OC201
Operetta
KALMAN: Csardasfurstin (Die) (The Gypsy Princess) Naxos
6.110075-76
Operetta, Orchestral, Opera, Operetta
KALMAN: Csardasfurstin (Die) (The Gypsy Princess) Naxos
8.660105-06
Operetta, Orchestral, Opera, Operetta
KALMAN: Grafin Mariza (Countess Mariza) (Abridged) Oehms Classics
OC337
Operetta
MEMORIES OF OLD VIENNA THEATRE (Gueden) (1954) Naxos Classical Archives
9.80285
Choral - Secular
NADELMANN, Noemi: Noemi Nadelmann Sings Operetta Oehms Classics
OC308
Operetta
Operetta Favourites - KLASSISKA FAVORITER OPERETT Naxos
8.503095
Operetta
OPERETTA HIGHLIGHTS Naxos
8.571083
Operetta
Salon Orchestra Favourites, Vol. 3 Naxos
8.557048
Chamber Music
SUNSET CLASSICS Capriccio
C67107-08
Orchestral
TAUBER, Richard: Operetta Arias (1921-1932) Naxos Historical
8.110779
Operetta
UNITED STATES AIR FORCE BAND STROLLING STRINGS: Strolling Strings 50th Anniversary (The) Altissimo
75442261172
Wind Ensemble/Band Music
VIENNESE OPERETTA GEMS (1927-1949) Naxos Historical
8.110292
Operetta
Vocal Recital: Kowalski, Jochen - ERWIN, R. / JARY, M. / SCHULTZE, N. / DOELLE, F. / MACKEBEN, T. / CASUCCI, L. / BENATZKY, R. (Evergreens) Capriccio
C10572
Operetta
Vocal Recital: Schneider, Jorg - STRAUSS II, J. / KUNNEKE, E. / MILLOCKER, K. / KALMAN, E. / ZIEHRER, C.M. Capriccio
C5109
Operetta
Role: Lyricist 
Album Title  Catalogue No  Work Category 




 
 
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