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GIOVANNI PAISIELLO  

(1740 - 1816)

Among the most important composers of Italian opera in the later 18th century, Paisiello was trained principally in Naples, where he first established his reputation as a composer. In 1776 he was invited to move to St Petersburg, where he worked as a composer of opera and director of the court orchestra, winning the favour of the Empress Catherine II. In 1784 he was able to accept an invitation to return to Naples, where he enjoyed royal favour, only temporarily withdrawn after his acquiescence in the republican régime of 1799. He spent two years in Paris, from 1802 to 1804, as director of music for Napoleon. His employment in Naples continued under Ferdinand IV and then under the usurper Joseph Buonaparte and his successor Joachim Murat. The final defeat of Napoleon in 1815 and the return of King Ferdinand removed Paisiello from his official positions.

Operas

Paisiello's chief fame was as a composer of operas, of which he wrote some eighty. L'idolo cinese (The Chinese Idol) was a favourite of Lady Hamilton, later the mistress of Nelson. His Il barbiere di Siviglia (The Barber of Seville), first performed in St Petersburg in 1782, proved a dangerous rival to Rossini's later opera on the same subject. He set a number of libretti by the Vienna court poet Metastasio and turned to Cervantes in his Don Chisciotte della Mancia (Don Quixote de la Mancha). His style, which seems to have had some influence on Mozart, who heard his Il re Teodoro in Venezia (King Teodoro in Venice) in Vienna in 1784, is concise and melodious, with the necessary sparkle in his comedies, although his heroic and tragic operas seem sometimes to be matched with music that is too light-hearted.

Vocal and Choral Music

Paisiello composed a number of cantatas, designed for entertainment or in formal celebration of some royal occasion. Sacred works include oratorios on the subject of Susanna and of The Conception of the Virgin Mary, with a setting of Metastasio's La passione di Gesù Cristo (The Passion of Jesus Christ). He made a number of settings of the Mass, including, in 1814, a Mass for the chapel of Louis XVIII, which followed earlier Masses for Napoleon. There are other liturgical compositions, some again designed for official occasions of celebration.

Instrumental Music

Paisiello's instrumental music includes divertimenti, keyboard concertos, string and flute quartets and sonatas for harpsichord and violin.

Role: Classical Composer 
Album Title
Catalogue No  Work Category 
DUVERNOY / DAUPRAT / BOIELDIEU: Music for Horn and Harp BIS
BIS-CD-648
Chamber Music
GIULIANO: Symphony for Mandolin / Mandolin Concerto in G Major / CECERE: Mandolin Concerto in A Major / PAISIELLO: Mandolin Concerto in E-Flat Major Dynamic
CDS193
Concertos
Harp Recital: Ciccozzi, Antonella - VIOTTI, G.B. / PAISIELLO, G. / CLEMENTI, M. / POLLINI, F. / CHERUBINI, L. Tactus
TC752201
Instrumental
MARTINIA FRANCA FESTIVAL - 30TH ANNIVERSARY Dynamic
CDS448
Opera
MOZART ERA (Meister der Mozart-Zeit) - KRAUS, J.M. / NAUMANN, J.G. / SALIERI, A. / ROSETTI, A. / DITTERSDORF, C.D. von / GLUCK, C.W. Capriccio
C67100-02
Concertos
Orchestral Music (Italian) - LOCATELLI, P.A. / MARCELLO, A. / GEMINIANI, F. / PAISIELLO, G. / CHERUBINI, L. (Cappella Coloniensis, Ferro) Capriccio
C10628
Concertos
PAISIELLO, G.: Overtures and Symphonies (Orchestra della Svizzera Italiana, Mazzola) Dynamic
CDS376
Orchestral, Opera
PAISIELLO, G.: Passio di San Giovanni (Ehrhardt) Capriccio
C60133
Choral - Sacred
PAISIELLO, G.: Piano Concertos Nos. 1, 3 and 5 (Nicolosi, Campania Chamber Orchestra, Piovano) Naxos
8.572065
Concertos
PAISIELLO, G.: Proserpine [Opera] (Allegretta, Guarnera, Martorana, Carella) Dynamic
CDS442
Opera
PAISIELLO: Barbiere di Siviglia (Il) Dynamic
CDS417
Opera
PAISIELLO: Daunia Felice (La) Dynamic
CDS516
Opera
PAISIELLO: Divertissements Nos. 1-6 Dynamic
CDS12
Chamber Music
PAISIELLO: Don Chisciotte Dynamic
CDS366
Opera
PAISIELLO: Due Contesse (Le) / Il Duello Comico Dynamic
CDS420
Opera
PAISIELLO: Giuochi d'Agrigento (I) [Opera] Dynamic
CDS531
Opera
PAISIELLO: Nina (Zurich Opera, 2002) (NTSC) Arthaus Musik
100367
Opera DVD
PAISIELLO: Nina (Zurich Opera, 2002) (PAL) Arthaus Musik
100366
Opera DVD
PAISIELLO: Piano Concertos Nos. 2 and 4 / Proserpine Overture Naxos
8.557031
Concertos, Orchestral, Concertos, Orchestral
PONSELLE, Rosa: American Recordings (1939, 1954) Naxos Historical
8.111142-44
Opera
SALIERI: Veneziana (La) / CIMAROSA: Symphony in D Major / PAISIELLO: Symphony in D Major / CLEMENTI: Symphony in D Major / ROSSINI: Bologna Dynamic
CDS79
Orchestral
Vocal Recital: Stade, Frederica - SCHUMANN, R. / CHAUSSON, E. / SCHUBERT, F. / SCARLATTI, A. / MOZART, W.A. (Duets, Arias, Scenes and Songs) Newton Classics
NC8802125
Opera
WEIGL, J.: Song and Arias (George, Mauro) Delos
DE3453
Opera




 
 
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11:33:12 AM, 26 December 2014
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