JOHANN DAVID HEINICHEN (1683 - 1729)
Johann David Heinichen was educated at the Thomasschule in Leipzig,
where J.S.Bach was later to teach, serving as assistant to the
then cantor, Kuhnau, and proceeding thereafter to the University
of Leipzig. After an initial career as a lawyer in Weissenfels,
Heinichen returned to musical activity in Leipzig, followed by
a period of work and study in Italy. In 1717 he was appointed
Court Kapellmeister in Dresden, a position he retained until his
death in 1729.
Heinichen wrote operas in the earlier part of his career and moved to Italy with the express purpose of studying the art of Italian oepra at its source. His single opera for Dresden, Flavio Crispo, remained incomplete, abandoned, it seems, when the Italian opera company was disbanded.
Heinichen was extremely prolific as a composer. Of his instrumental music some two dozen concertos survive. These include a number of cocnertos for multiple instruments.
Vocal and Instrumental Music
Heinichen, in accordance with the demands of his employment, wrote a number of serenades and other celebratory pieces for voices and instruments.
Heinichen's church music follows the requirements of the Catholic liturgy, with settings of the Mass, canticles and parts of the Holy Week liturgy.