MANOLIS KALOMIRIS (1883 - 1962)
Honoured as the father of Greek national music, Manolis Kalomiris made a considerable contribution to distinctively Greek music. Born in Smyrna (Izmir), he studied in Athens and in Istanbul, and then in Vienna. He taught in Kharkov, and in Athens he held a leading position both as a teacher and as a composer. He was a champion of his own form of nationalism, based rather on folk-music than on earlier musical and linguistic traditions.
The Symphonic Triptych: Crete was dedicated to the memory of Eleftherios Venizelos and was first heard in Athens in 1943. The day of performance coincided with a rising against the German Occupation and the death of the poet Costis Palamas, commemorated in Kalomiris’s Palamian Symphony of 1955.