OSCAR STRAUS (1870 - 1954)
Born in Vienna and a pupil of Max Bruch in Berlin, Oscar Straus followed the advice of Johann Strauss, Jr., who told him to gain experience by conducting in provincial theatres. In Berlin he won some fame in the berbrettl cabaret, for which Schoenberg also wrote. Returning to Vienna at the turn of the century, he began to write operetta in a series of works that rivalled in popularity those of Lehr. In 1939 he moved to Paris and then to New York and Hollywood, returning after the war to Bad Ischl, where he died in 1954.
Der tapfere Soldat, known in English as The Chocolate Soldier, won particular success in America. Other poppuloar operettas include Der letzte Walzer (The Last Waltz). He wrote film-scores, notably for the film of Schnitzler's La ronde.