PAUL LE FLEM (1881 - 1984)
Of Breton origin, Paul Le Flem studied at the Schola Cantorum under Vincent d'Indy and Roussel, later teaching at the same establishment, where his pupils included Satie and Jolivet. His music is strongly influenced by his native Brittany, the landscape of which is reflected in his work.
Le Flem dramatic works include the operas Le rossignol de St-Malo (The Nightingale of St Malo) and La magicienne de la mer (The Magician of the Sea), as well as the chante-fable Aucassin et Nicolette.
In addition to his symphonies, Le Flem wrote evocative orchestral music such as En mer (At Sea) and La voix du large (The Voice of the Open Sea).
Le Flem set texts by Verlaine and others and arranged for chorus a number of Breton folk-songs.