The mezzo-soprano Thelma Votipka (1906–1972) was born in Cleveland, Ohio, and studied at Oberlin College. Making her début as the Countess in Le nozze di Figaro with the American Opera Company in 1927, she later appeared in Chicago (1929–30) and San Francisco (1938–49 and 1952). Her first rôle at the Metropolitan was as Flora in La traviata in December 1935. During her 29-year career at this house she sang in over one thousand performances, primarily in the comprimario repertoire: for example, the Witch in Hansel und Gretel, Frasquita in Carmen and Marianne in Der Rosenkavalier. She died in New York.