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July 2nd-8th, 2006

STRAUSS, FLAGELLO IN MUSICWEB INTERNATIONAL NAXOS REVIEWS: KHANDOSHKIN, DORMAN SHOSTAKOVICH ON PENTATONE; MONTEVERDI ON NAÏVE

STRAUSS, FLAGELLO IN MUSICWEB INTERNATIONAL

Richard STRAUSS  (1864-1949): Eine Alpensinfonie (An Alpine Symphony)

Richard STRAUSS (1864-1949): Eine Alpensinfonie (An Alpine Symphony)

Staatskapelle Weimar/Antoni Wit
rec. Weimarhalle, Weimar, Germany, 4-6 July 2005

8.557811

Review by Gwyn Parry-Jones
Musicweb International

Strauss’s final tone-poem, the Alpine Symphony of 1915, is a huge work in terms of its structural scale and the forces required. It’s also a huge challenge for orchestra and conductor. Strauss makes almost impossible demands on his players, the horn section in particular, for whom this is one of the ultimate peaks of the repertoire – a veritable ‘Matterhorn’, if you like. Indeed, the work calls for a total of some twenty horns, twelve of them in the off-stage band!

The structure of the work is fascinating, as it reflects the actual journey up and down the mountain. The climax is the colossal outburst at the summit, but the cleverest structural device is the descent. For this, Strauss was faced with the danger of anticlimax attendant on the symphonic necessity for a recapitulation of earlier themes. So he contrived a thrilling storm, and, as the party of climbers hurry home amidst the thunder, lightning and torrential rain, the composer is able to review in rapid succession many of the earlier descriptive episodes. Extremely crafty, and highly effective.

The work is spectacular, no doubt about that – and in that quality it reflects its subject, for what in this world is more spectacular than vast mountain scenery? But the work contains many subtle effects too; the arrival on the summit, for example, is at first quiet and awestruck, with a hesitant oboe solo (track 13, 0:15), the full orchestral panoply being saved for a little later when the great vista has ‘sunk in’. The little ‘peeps’ on the oboe in the tense lull before the storm are marvellously evocative (track 18, 0:30 and later), as are the diminishing raindrops after the storm (track 19, 3:12), in a retreat deliberately (I believe) reminiscent of the William Tell Overture. Incidentally, there are many other incidental quotations, or rather allusions, in this work; they include one to Strauss’s own Arabella, one to Wagner’s Siegfried, and even, arguably, one to Mendelssohn’s Oh for the Wings of a Dove. No I’m not telling you – find them yourself!

Nearer the conclusion, the coda is ushered in by a key-change of breathtaking and daring beauty (track 21, 6:06), as the violins reach giddy, pianissimo heights. For those interested in technicalities, it’s a shift from A major to the ‘home’ key of Bb minor, using C#/Bb as the pivot note. Sounds terrible, but the effect is totally magical.

So, do Wit and his Weimar players rise to these musical challenges? The answer is undoubtedly yes, for this is a really very fine account of the work, fit to rank with the best available. Wit takes relatively broad tempi, allowing the multi-coloured orchestration and sumptuous melodies plenty of space to make their effect. But he misses none of the energy of the faster passages, and allows the music to surge forward where necessary in the early stages.

The recording is impressive, particularly in its capturing of the inner, teeming detail of the score. However, the downside is that some of the ‘tuttis’ do not make quite the impact they should. After the long dark Bb minor introduction portraying Night, the sunrise (Track 2) – even more magnificent for me than the one in Also Sprach Zarathustra - should be overwhelming in its brilliance. Wit and his players don’t quite make it, splendid though it is. Something of the same reservations apply to the great outburst on the summit, and the storm which follows, though here, the percussion is undoubtedly impressive - except that the Strauss’s beloved wind machine can’t really be heard. Shame! The Philips engineers for Haitink, for example, capture it much better, and, in part because of that, the Storm is even more exciting there.

But much of the playing, under Wit’s sympathetic guidance, is quite wonderful. The brass are a perfectly balanced ensemble, and the principal trumpet deserves a mention for his negotiation of ‘Dangerous Moments’ (track 12) – perilous stuff indeed, which has embarrassed more than one distinguished player in the past. And those horns? Heroes, all of them, the high, unison passages ringing out with great confidence and massive decibels. The one solitary top concert F, during the Vision passage, can be heard distinctly, if you know where to listen (track 13, just after 4:45).

Of course, this piece has a great deal more to it than virtuoso horn writing, and the other orchestral sections, strings, woodwind and percussion, make superb contributions too. The strings are a really fine body, with rich, homogeneous tone, as well as malleable phrasing when required, and all the woodwind soloists (particularly first oboe and first bassoon) acquit themselves with distinction. And I’ve already mentioned the percussion’s terrific blood and thunder (as opposed to ‘thud and blunder’) in the storm sequence.

A major contender, then, and you can cram the one hundred and forty or so players that this work requires into your hi-fi for just £4.99 – a miracle!

Nicolas FLAGELLO  (1928-1994): Piano Concerto No. 1 (1950),Dante's Farewell (1962), Concerto Sinfonico for saxophone quartet and orchestra (1985)

Nicolas FLAGELLO (1928-1994): Piano Concerto No. 1 (1950),Dante's Farewell (1962), Concerto Sinfonico for saxophone quartet and orchestra (1985)

Tatjana Rankovich (piano), Susan Gonzalez (soprano), National Radio Symphony Orchestra of Ukraine/John McLaughlin Williams, New Hudson Saxophone Quartet, Rutgers Symphony Orchestra/Kynan Johns
rec. Large Concert Studio, National Radio Company of Ukraine (Kiev), 22-26 June 2005; Mason Gross Performing Arts Center, Rutgers University, New Jersey, USA, 6 November 2004. DDD

8.559296

Review by Rob Barnett
Musicweb International

Website: www.flagello.com

This is the second Flagello disc from Naxos. The first, reviewed here, included the hyper-romantic First Symphony. Like many another Flagello recording project this disc is due to Walter Simmons whose passionate yet objective advocacy for a generation of unfashionable American composers should be a matter of nationally treasured pride in the USA. You can read more about six of 'his' composers in the book "Voices in the Wilderness" (Scarecrow Press) an invaluable read for those with a sense of adventure in this repertoire. review

Flagello was born in New York City. The precocious young man soon came under the wing of another American late-romantic with Italian roots, Vittorio Giannini and studied with him at the Manhattan School of Music. In 1985 after many years as a composer and conductor he began to suffer from a degenerative illness and survived in tragic musical silence another nine years.

Going by the early Piano Concerto No. 1 Flagello's music is that of a tortured soul. Welts and wounds are exposed and the pain communicated. This is music of grandstand torment. The hyper-emotionalism and consistent heat of the writing leaves the listener suspended between Rachmaninov (Piano Concerto No. 3), Barber (the Essays) and Miaskovsky. As ever these are crude approximations but will give some idea of the realms of Flagello's expression. Flagello has no truck with trendy dissonance. He could not help making himself an outsider by writing a piano concerto like this in 1950.

Tatjana Rankovich knows Flagello's music very well having recorded the other two concertos for Artek review She relishes and rejoices in the frankly gorgeous melody of the Andante. The sparky and triumphant (4:40) finale will delight Rachmaninov admirers. Unusually for a rare piano concerto this movement maintains a consistency of mood with all that has gone before.

Dante's Farewell is a volatile operatic scena, corrosively assaulting the senses, fulminant and accelerant in one. The style can be related to the superheated arias in Barber's grand opera Antony and Cleopatra. Susan Gonzalez sings this music with affection and flaming emotion. The text is by Joseph Tusiani and recounts, from the viewpoint of Gemma, Dante's wife, the great Italian poet's nightmare dilemmas and emotional angst. The words are printed in full. The orchestration was made at the request of the Flagello estate and is by Anthony Sbordoni. Knowing more than a few of Flagello's other works this adaptation strikes me as completely consonant with the authentic Flagello style and spirit.

The Concerto Sinfonico is Flagello's last completed work. Typically it confronts and articulates torment and beauty; listen to the harp and celesta backdrop at is 5:10 in the first movement which prepares the way for the exultation of 6:23 onwards. The work is lent vigour and grit by a certain stamping energy slightly redolent of William Schuman. Towards the end of the movement a vengeful hunt seems to drive the music onwards to a destination that is part abyss and part triumphant apotheosis. It's powerful stuff. The quartet act as hortator and participant. There is no sense of separation or commentatory role. It was first performed by the Amherst Quartet with the Buffalo Phil conducted by Semyon Bychkov in November 1985.

You will know by now whether this music is for you. It merits a wholehearted endorsement.

NAXOS REVIEWS: KHANDOSHKIN, DORMAN

I.Y. KHANDOSHKIN (1747-1804): Virtuoso Violin Music at the Court of Catherine the Great

I.Y. KHANDOSHKIN (1747-1804): Virtuoso Violin Music at the Court of Catherine the Great

Anastasia Khitruk, violin; Dimitri Yakubovski,viola; Kirill Yevtushenko, cello

8.570028

Review by David Vernier
ClassicsToday.com

Most listeners will never have heard the name Ivan Khandoshkin (1747-1804), but violinist Anastasia Khitruk has admirably undertaken to bring this little-known solo-violin repertoire to wider attention. Published in the early years of the 19th century, Khandoshkin's Op. 3 sonatas show the influences we might expect, given the composer's exposure to a court musical environment that included musicians from Italy, Germany, and France. As court soloist and Kapellmeister for Catherine the Great Khandoshkin apparently was a highly regarded and accomplished performer--and as these compositions show, he also was very adept at creating works that seem perfectly designed for the purpose of entertaining his audience.

While the famed solo violin works of Bach are formally sophisticated, technically complex, and artistically profound, Khandoshkin's efforts, while quite substantial (the longest is nearly 20 minutes) and far from fluff, are mostly functional vehicles for virtuoso display--and virtuoso they are, demanding the most advanced fingering (double-, triple-, and quadruple-stops) and bowing techniques (detached staccato, louré, sautillé/spiccato, and leaping arpeggio effects) as well as a comprehensive sense of the composer's style and expressive intent.

Khitruk is a remarkable artist, not only giving sure-footed life and uninhibited flair to these rigorous, relentlessly showy pieces, but also taking care to articulate the contrapuntal textures and expressive/dramatic elements that run through each work from beginning to end. The Six Old Russian Songs are less successful, inhibited both by the songs' melodic constraints and the composer's imagination, but also marred by a bass line (played here by cellist Kyrill Yevtushenko) that's overly prominent and pedestrian. Nevertheless, violin aficionados will be very interested in hearing these pieces, and anyone who appreciates dynamic, virtuoso instrumental playing of any kind will enjoy Khitruk's flashy, fiery style and impeccable technique. Outstanding!

Avner DORMAN: Piano Sonatas Nos. 1, 2 & 3, Moments Musicaux, Azerbaijani Dance

Avner DORMAN: Piano Sonatas Nos. 1, 2 & 3, Moments Musicaux, Azerbaijani Dance

Eliran Avni, piano

8.579001

Review by Allan Kozinn
The New York Times, Sunday, July 9th, 2006

The most common complaint of listeners who dislike new music is that its language, whether atonal, avant-garde or Minimalist, stands apart from the syntax and harmonic vocabulary that developed over earlier centuries. But composers can't win; those who try to reconnect with that lost thread are often dismissed as throwbacks.

Avner Dorman, a 31-year-old Israeli composer who lives in New York, clearly believes that the language of the early 20th century — essentially tonal but ripping free of tonality; within shouting distance of Romanticism but not under its shadow — can still be useful. Though the piano works here are accessible and inviting, describing Mr. Dorman as conservative wouldn't be quite right. These works draw on the energy and spikiness of Prokofiev and Bartok in textures interwoven with moves borrowed from rock, jazz and Middle Eastern folk music.

Mr. Dorman's genre mixing begins with the earliest work here, the Prelude No. 1 (1992), which uses an arpeggiated Bach prelude as a template but rounds out its chords with blue notes and jazz harmonies. A set of "Moments Musicaux" (2003) offers a ruminative, soulful opening movement offset by a vigorous, bright-edged Presto that combines a Prokofiev-style harmonic steeliness with a salsa rhythm. Popular influences of a more antique strain animate the "Azerbaijani Dance" (2005), a brief, assertive showpiece that examines a folk theme through the lens of splashy pianism.

Mr. Dorman's Sonata No. 1 (1998) remains fully in Prokofiev mode, with finger-breaking, big-textured outer movements and a long, mostly lyrical central one. Though the piano writing is appealing and supremely idiomatic, it only hints at how Mr. Dorman's compositional voice will develop. The two-movement Sonata No. 2 (2001) is more idiosyncratic. It begins with a quiet but increasingly acidic slow movement, which builds toward an eerie tolling figure, and ends with a forceful, rhythmically sharp-edged finale.

But Mr. Dorman seems to have found himself in the Sonata No. 3 ("Dance Suite," 2005). Here he prowls territory similar to that of the "Azerbaijani Dance" and draws on post-tonal and pop influences as well. In the central movement, "Oud and Kanun," Mr. Dorman evokes the gentle timbres of the oud, an Arabic lute, and the modal language of traditional Arabic music. Then he creates a dialogue in which the oud melodies and harsher contemporary figures gradually adopt each other's characteristics. Surrounding this cultural interplay is an introspective Prelude, which uses the keyboard's extremes, and a quick finale that Mr. Dorman calls "Techno" but that doesn't quite evoke the electronic characteristics of that pop form.

Eliran Avni plays these works with an assurance and flexibility that make them sound as if they had been in his repertory forever. He has the ironclad technique that Mr. Dorman's writing demands, but there is ample suppleness in his playing as well, a quality that makes the slow, quiet movements as arresting as the fiery ones.

SHOSTAKOVICH ON PENTATONE; MONTEVERDI ON NAÏVE

SHOSTAKOVICH: Symphonies Nos. 1 and 6

Russian National Symphony, Vladimir Jurowski

PTC5186068

From a review by Lawson Taitte
Dallas Morning News, Saturday, July 1st, 2006

Young firebrand Vladimir Jurowski leads the Moscow-based orchestra that his compatriot Mikhail Pletnev has built from scratch in recent years. You won't find a more electrifying Symphony No. 1 than this one. The romping piano in the second movement causes the pulse to race, and those massive staccato chords toward the end might just stop your heart entirely.

The astonishing level of orchestral refinement shows that the Russian National Orchestra can play as well as any Western rival, but it doesn't sound all that different from them, either. Maybe the strings have a warmth and sheen that sets them apart.

MONTEVERDI: Il Sesto Libro de Madrigali

Concerto Italiano, Rinaldo Alessandrini

Naove 30423

Review by Steven Winn
San Francisco Chronicle, Sunday, July 9th, 2006

Claudio Monteverdi's sixth book of madrigals may be the unhappiest sheaf of music ever written. Devoted to the composer's grief over the death of his wife in 1607 and then of a favored female singer a year later, these 18 songs seep lamentation and woe. The singers' voices twine together and wrench apart, as if seized in spontaneous, uncontrollable outbursts. All of it is contained in the taut but flexible madrigal form the composer used in such vividly original ways. The performances, by the vocalists of Concerto Italiano under the direction of Rinaldo Alessandrini, are urgent, artful and tenderly shaped. Some listeners may find the sorrowful mood engulfing and oppressive. Even a melismatically ripe recollection of happiness, in "Zefiro torna," comes darkly shaded with melancholy.

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