About this Recording
8.573031 - Piano Recital: Prjevalskaya, Marianna - HAYDN, J. / SCARLATTI, D. / SCHUMANN, R. / ZARATE, J.
English  Spanish 

Franz Joseph Haydn (1732–1809): Andante con variazioni in F minor, Hob. XVII: 6
Domenico Scarlatti (1685–1757): Sonata in A minor, K.175/L.429/P.136: Allegro • Sonata in G major, K.125/L.487/P.152: Vivo • Sonata in G minor, K.450/L.338/P.422: Allegrissimo • Sonata in D minor, K.213/L.108/P.288: Andante • Sonata in F minor, K.365/L.480/P.112: Allegro
Robert Schumann (1810–1856): Piano Sonata No. 1 in F sharp minor, Op. 11
José Zárate (b. 1972): Aurgitana


Franz Joseph Haydn’s Andante con variazioni Hob. XVII:6 seems to have been composed in 1793, perhaps inspired by the loss of his dear friend Marianne von Genzinger. This was a period in which he had reached absolute control of all musical forms and genres. Alternating variations on related themes in F minor and F major, the work reaches progressively a state of fantasy and deep expressiveness, culminating in a fantastic coda, which anticipates the Appassionata Sonata of Beethoven, who was at the time his pupil.

Domenico Scarlatti composed over six hundred keyboard sonatas, short, structurally concise works, of great expressive and rhythmic intensity. The Sonata in A minor, K.175, is like a study of acciaccaturas, very developed in the central part of both of its two sections. Written throughout for two voices, the Sonata in G major, K.125, unleashes powerful energy. The Sonata in G minor, K.450, suggests a Spanish tango, its rhythm maintained from beginning to end. The Sonata in D minor, K.213, is a beautiful piece of deep serenity, the longest of this group. The delightfully rhythmical Sonata in F minor, K.365, offers a contrast of energy and nobility of expression.

Robert Schumann described his Piano Sonata No 1 in F sharp minor, Op. 11, as “a cry from my heart to yours” to his beloved Clara Wieck. Written between 1833 and 1835, at the height of his writing for the piano, this sonata became one of the most perfect embodiments of Florestan and Eusebius. The first movement begins with a peaceful melodic introduction, with all the beauty of Schumann‘s poetry. The development contains fandango airs. The short Aria, the second movement, originated as the song An Anna which Schumann wrote when he was eighteen to a text by Justinus Kerner. Schumann gives the indication senza passione, ma espressivo (without passion, but expressive), giving the Aria a strange sensation of serenity within passion. Florestan pushes away Eusebius in the Scherzo, and the last movement suggests the orchestra in its texture, a real combination of Florestan and Eusebius, a brilliant finale for a Sonata for which Clara had special affection.

Commissioned by the Jaén Provincial Council and the National Centre of Music Broadcasting (CNDM) for the 53rd Jaén International Piano Competition, Aurgitana, is des-cribed by the composer José Zárate in the following terms: “Aurgitana is the oldest, and for me, the most beautiful of adjectives descriptive of Jaén. Strength and courage, sensitivity, internal rhythm, quiet but restless. A work for piano that tries to convey the nature and spirit of a whole land full of working people, true to their principles, and dedicated to their goals”.

Gonzalo Pérez Chamorro

The Jaén Prize International Piano Competition

The Jaén Prize was established in 1953. It has its roots in the old and now defunct Club Alpino, a short-lived cultural and sporting society. The prize was set up with relatively modest aims by the pianist Joaquín Reyes Cabrera and the architect Pablo Castillo García-Negrete. The Club actually gave nothing but its name to the prize, because the two prizes given in 1953 and 1954 were donated by a musiclover from Jaén, Pablo Castillo García-Negrete. It was in this year that the promoters of the prize looked for stronger sponsorship, and the result was the active and collaborative presence of the Instituto de Estudios Giennenses. The architect Pablo Castillo, member of the studies Corporation, was named adviser and the name was replaced by that of Premio Jaén de Piano (Jaén Piano Prize). At the beginning the prize was a national one, but in the 1970s it assumed international status, a position it continues to maintain, as Gustav A. Alink, the author of a number of books on international piano competitions, confirms.

The first award of this new prize was given to Jacinto Matute in 1956 and consisted of 5,000 pesetas (30 euros). Gradually this amount has been increased, reaching the sum of 25,000 euros in 2009 for the first prize, 12,000 for the second, 8,000 for the third, 6,000 for the “Rosa Sabater” award, and another 6,000 euros for the Contemporary Music award. Since 1993 the competition has included a mandatory work written by a Spanish composer for this purpose, a composition that is subsidised by the Centro de Difusión de la Música Contemporánea of the Ministry of Culture and which, since 1997, has been published and distributed by the Provincial Assembly. The list of composers who have composed for the Prize, from 1993 to 2010, includes Manuel Castillo, Carlos Cruz de Castro, Antón García Abril, Valentín Ruiz, Ángel Oliver, Zulema de la Cruz, Tomás Marco, José García Román, Xavier Montsalvatge, José Luis Turina, Luis de Pablo, Eneko Vadillo, Leonardo Balada, Josep Soler, Joan Guinjoan, Claudio Prieto, Daniel Mateos and Juan A. Medina.

Over the years various leading figures have served on the competition jury, including Javier Alfonso, who often served as president of the jury. After his death various leading musicians have taken this position, including Guillermo Gonzalez. The present president of the jury is Begoña Uriarte. Among those who have served on the competition jury are Marcelle Heuclín, Nicole Henriot, Salomon Mikowsky, Leslie Wright, Teresa Rutkowska, Valentina Kamenikova, Antonio de Raco, Hans Graf, Jean-Paul Sevilla, Ronald Farren-Price, María Fernanda Wansneider, Yuko Fujimura, Carmen Graf-Adnet, Marta Marchena, Karl-Hermann Mrongovius, Elza Kolodin, Alfred Mouledous, Ralf Nattkemper, Dag Achatz, Yukie Nagai, Rosalyn Tureck, Jean-François Heisser, and Paul Badura-Skoda, among others. Among Spanish jury-members we may quickly mention Rosa Sabater, Joaquín Soriano, Ramón Coll, Josep Colom, Mario Monreal, Rafael Quero, Joaquín Reyes, Perfecto García Chornet, Pilar Bilbao, Esteban Sánchez, Antonio Baciero, Fernando Puchol, Julián López Gimeno, and Pedro Jiménez Cavallé, for many years secretary of the jury.

Outstanding pianists have won prizes in the competition, including the Spanish pianists Begoña Uriarte, Joaquín Parra, Mario Monreal, Rafael Orozco, Joaquín Soriano, José María Pinzolas, Josep Colom and Javier Perianes. Other winners have been Boaz Sharon, Ewa Osinska, Elza Kolodin, Jean-François Heisser, Boris Bloch, Michiko Tsuda, John Salmon, Hüseyin Sermet, Benedetto Lupo, Martin Zehn, Brenno Ambrosini, Olivier Cazal, Sergei Tarasov, Anna Vinnitskaya, Ilya Rachkovsky and many other important pianists.

Nowadays the competition attracts significant international participation. It includes three eliminating rounds and a final test with orchestra, in 2010 the Orquesta Ciudad de Granada. The Jaén Prize competition is held at the Jaén Conservatory and the Infanta Leonor Theatre.

English version: Ángel García Rus & Gonzalo Pérez Chamorro

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