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NA319112 - DOYLE, A.C.: Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (The), Vol. 3 (Unabridged)
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes III
The Man with the Twisted Lip
The Musgrave Ritual
The Adventure of the Cardboard Box
The Adventure of the Blue Carbuncle
Arthur Conan Doyle was born in 1859, in Edinburgh, a city soaked in history, which gave him a strong sense of the past, which he never lost. He was educated at Stonyhurst School, where he excelled at sport, a lifelong interest, and developed a passion for reading. The ideals he read about in his history books influenced him all his life. He trained to be a doctor at Edinburgh University, and before qualifying, signed on as ship’s surgeon aboard a whaler. The hardened crew’s tough stories of life at sea, were to have a strong influence on his own burgeoning skill as a writer. Doyle began in medical practice at Southsea, in 1882, where he met his wife Louise Hawkins, later they moved to London. His lack of success as a doctor was balanced by his growing reputation as an author. His future was assured after the creation of the scientific detective Sherlock Holmes, though Doyle was always of the opinion that his historical novels were his true life’s work. These included The White Company (1891), and The Exploits of Brigadier Gerard (1896). He also ventured into science fiction, having a great success with The Lost World (1912). His interest in history encouraged his patriotism, and at the time of the Boer War (1900), he published a pamphlet explaining the causes and true course of the war. It made him ‘the most famous man in England’. His first wife died in 1906, and he married Jean Leckie with whom he’d had a platonic relationship for some time. In his later years, Doyle developed a deep interest in Spiritualism, and espoused many minority causes. He traveled the world furthering the cause of Spiritualism, and died peacefully, convinced his spirit was eternal, in 1930. His simple philosophy of life was caught perfectly in the epitaph on his tombstone ‘Steel true, Blade straight.’ But Conan Doyle will always be remembered as the creator of the greatest fictional detective in the world; in those works his spirit is truly immortal.
THE MAN WITH THE TWISTED LIP
Appearances are deceptive in this story shrouded in the mists of opium. ‘I cannot recall any case…which looked at the first glance so simple, and yet which presented such difficulties…’
We first meet Holmes in the sordid world of the opium den disguised as an addict. It is perhaps surprising to us that drugs we consider harmful and anti-social were readily available to the Victorians. Holmes’ ‘little weakness’, cocaine, could be bought over the chemist’s counter without prescription, as could laudanum, without which many a respectable elderly lady would have complained of a sleepless night. Opium, for the trade of which England had fought a war with China, was almost an addiction of epidemic proportions. But by far the most widely used drug was tobacco. Holmes with his old brier pipe, and ‘an ounce of shag tobacco’ to consume, solves this mystery, and Conan Doyle himself was a prodigious smoker, though he tended to smoke and eat less when writing. Even women by the 1890s were known to indulge in a discreet cigarette.
As a doctor, Watson’s distaste for drug-abuse sets the tone for the opening of this tale of disguise, false names and deception. To help sustain the unreal atmosphere Doyle, unusually for him, creates a fictional London. ‘Upper Swandam Lane’, ‘Fresno St.’ and their environs do not exist.
But why does Mrs. Watson call her husband James, when we all know he is John? It adds to the air of uncertainty in the story, but was it deliberate? Conan Doyle was notorious for not revising his stories, which were often written in a rush of creativity. But whether it was a mistake or not, it has spawned amongst Sherlockian scholars a score of explanations including Dorothy Sayers’ brilliant invention that Watson’s middle name was Hamish, which his wife anglicized to her pet name for him, James.
THE MUSGRAVE RITUAL
‘A collection of my trifling experiences would certainly be incomplete which contained no account of this very singular business…’
So Holmes introduced to Watson one of his very first cases, from the 1870s, which he undertook on behalf of an old university friend, Reginald Musgrave. The case centers round the hidden meaning of the ancient Musgrave family ritual, with its echoes of Freemasonry. Doyle had joined the Freemasons early in his medical career at Portsmouth, presumably in an attempt to make contacts, but although references are made to the Masonic Craft elsewhere in the Holmes stories, he does not seem to have taken an active part in their proceedings.
Doyle makes splendid use of his sense of history in this story. He always felt his historical novels were of more literary value than the ‘trivial’ Holmes stories. They were meticulously researched, and he once declared the most influential book he had ever read was Macaulay’s Essays.
Here Doyle creates atmosphere with glimpses of the complicated political times that followed the execution of Charles I. The opening description of the Bohemian life-style at Baker Street is one of the best of the whole canon, and fixes forever the popular image of the rented rooms, and Holmes’ ‘queer humors’. Though his antics with his hair-trigger pistol would probably, according to the experts, have demolished the decor!
THE ADVENTURE OF THE CARDBOARD BOX
This deeply sinister and disturbing story comes from the early years of Holmes and Watson’s partnership. Holmes himself makes reference in this story to their first recorded case together, A Study in Scarlet.
Watson is still a struggling general practitioner, not yet having established himself sufficiently to afford a holiday by ‘the shingle of Southsea’. This suburb of Portsmouth was in fact where Conan Doyle struggledas a young man to make a living as a GP and where he met his future wife. Doyle uses his medical knowledge here, as in many other stories, with a clinical assessment of the two grisly severed ears.
Dr. Doyle undoubtedly put a lot of himself into Dr. Watson, and it is surprising that, like Watson, he did not become a soldier. His height, six feet, and athletic prowess acquired during his schooldays, not to mention his innate sense of patriotism, would surely have given him a sound military career. He was certainly tempted to join up when he moved his practice to London, and still met with little success. Fortunately the might of his pen saved him from the sword.
The tale begins with one of Holmes’ characteristic displays of his powers ashe minutely describes Watson’s unspoken train of thought. The archetype of the fictional detective, Edgar Allan Poe’s Dupin was similarly gifted with close observation, and Doyle pays homage to him here through the mouth of his own creation.
Watson’s thoughts are dwelling on General Gordon, a soldier and administrator of the Egyptian Sudan, who perished at the siege of Khartoum in 1885 - redoubtable Victorian hero of the British Empire. But he also thinks of Henry Ward Beecher, an American, who eloquently preached the anti-slavery cause of the North in the American Civil War of 1861-5. His message however fell on deaf ears when he visited England in 1863. Clearly, Doyle, despite his patriotism, wishes to remind us of the disgrace Holmes finds time in the investigation for a musical reminiscence: he describes how he used his powers to detect a true Stradivarius in a junk-shop, and reflects on the artistry of Niccolo Paganini (1782-1840). This violinist, whose skills were so astounding it was rumored he was in league with the devil, was an early ‘star’, performing everywhere and making a fortune. His published Caprices require considerable proficiency for an amateur player, like Holmes, to perform.
THE ADVENTURE OF THE BLUE CARBUNCLE
This seasonal ‘whimsical’ tale is the only time we see our two heroes
in a Christmas setting. Holmes has a positive twinkle in his eye as he
proceeds on this literal wild-goose chase through central London. Doyle provides a detailed description of the streets they traverse, and it would be an easy journey to reconstruct today, as London has changed so little, though Covent Garden Market is no more.
Notes by David Timson
A familiar and versatile audio and radio voice, David Timson has also performed in modern and classic plays across Great Britain and abroad, including Wild Honey for Alan Ayckbourn, Hamlet, The Man of Mode, and The Seagull. He has been seen on TV in Nelson’s Column and Swallows and Amazons, and in the film The Russia House.
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