About this Recording
NA399812 - BRONTE, E.: Wuthering Heights (Abridged)
English 

Emily Brontë’s Life

 

1818 Born 30 July at Thornton, near Bradford, Yorkshire.

1820 The family moved to Haworth in April.

1821 Mrs Brontë died of cancer in September.

1824 Emily and her sister Charlotte joined their older sisters, Elizabeth and Maria, at the infamous clergy daughters’ school at Cowan Bridge, Lancashire, which is depicted in Charlotte’s Jane Eyre.

1825 She and Charlotte left Cowan Bridge after the deaths of their older sisters. They, with their siblings Branwell and Anne, invented the imaginary Kingdom of Angria, about which they wrote many books.

1831 She and Anne invented a rival Kingdom of Gondal after Charlotte went to Miss Wooler’s School at Roe Head.

1834 Wrote her earliest dated manuscript—which mentioned the Gondals discovering a place called Gaaldine.

1835 Studied at Roe Head where Charlotte was teaching, but returned home after being taken ill.

1836 Wrote her earliest dated poem in July.

1837 Worked as a teacher for about six months, leaving due to homesickness.

1838–42 Wrote over half of her surviving poems.

1842 Studied music, French and German at the M. Heger’s school in Brussels. Returned home in October for her aunt’s funeral and remained to keep house.

1843 Alone at Haworth with her father, this was a time of creativity and freedom for Emily.

1844 Began to arrange her poems into two notebooks, separating the non-Gondalan from the Gondalan material.

1845 The Brontës gave up their hopes of having their own school. Branwell, working on a novel, introduced his sisters to the possibilities of making money through writing. Having discovered her poems, Charlotte convinced Emily to collaborate on a volume of poetry. Emily began Wuthering Heights in December.

1846 Poems by Currer, Ellis and Acton Bell published by Charlotte, Emily and Anne. In adopting male pen names, each beginning with the first letter of their real names, the sisters were avoiding contemporary prejudice against female writers.

1847 Wuthering Heights, her only novel, published with Anne’s Agnes Grey. Although it received mixed reviews at the time, the tale of the passionate yet thwarted love between Heathcliff and Catherine is now considered an English literary classic.

1848 After excessive alcohol and drug abuse, Branwell died. Emily left home to attend his funeral, catching a severe cold which developed into inflammation of the lungs. Refusing medical help, she died 19 December and was buried beside her family at Haworth parsonage.

1850 Wuthering Heights was reissued under Emily’s real name, along with a biographical notice by Charlotte.

1893 The Brontë Society established.

1941 Hatfield’s edition of The Complete Poems of Emily Jane Brontë published.

 

The music on this recording was taken from the NAXOS catalogue

MENDELSSOHN Piano Quartet No. 1 / Sextet Op. 110
8.550966

Bartholdy Piano Quartet

MENDELSSOHN Six Preludes and Fugues Op. 35 / Piano Works Vol. 1
8.550939

Benjamin Frith


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