The newly developing pianoforte assumed ever more popularity from the last decades of the eighteenth century. Beethoven, a piano virtuoso himself before deafness made public performance impracticable, wrote five solo concertos for the piano, the most famous of which must be the last, the so-called Emperor Concerto. Its title was not the composer's but captures the magnificence of the work. The fourth concerto was written three years earlier, in 1806, and both were dedicated to Beethoven's royal pupil, the Archduke Rudolph.
Beethoven Piano Concertos Nos. 4 & 5 with Stefan Vladar and the Capella Istropolitana under Barry Wordsworth.