CHILE SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA
For 75 years, the Chile Symphony Orchestra has been the symphonic ensemble with the longest career in Chilean musical history and the first ensemble created as a public, permanent and lasting organisation. It was created in 1941 with Armando Carvajal as its first music director. The orchestra is considered a national heritage in its own country and its aims include promoting the music of national composers to the widest possible audience. It currently numbers ninety one musicians and presents more than seventy different programmes in Santiago, as well as other towns. Its repertoire ranges from the baroque to the contemporary, and includes standard classics. It has given premieres of practically every Chilean symphonic and choral work since the biennial festivals of Chilean music began in 1948, continuing until 1969. During its existence the orchestra has been conducted by Herbert von Karajan, Igor Stravinsky, Leonard Bernstein, Igor Markevitch, Aaron Copland, Sergiu Celibidache, Eugene Ormandy, Fritz Busch, Erich Kleiber, Antal Doráti, Malcolm Sargent and Heitor Villa-Lobos. Its music directors have included Víctor Tevah, Irwin Hoffman, Juan Pablo Izquierdo, David del Pino and Michal Nesterowicz. The current music director is Leonid Grin.