EINAR ENGLUND (1916 - 1999)
A pupil of Palmgren, the Finnish composer Einar Englund went on, after the composition of his first two symphonies, to further study with Aaron Copland. He was also influenced by Shostakovich and Prokofiev, while he himself claimed the influence of Stravinsky and Bartók.
Englund’s Second Symphony, with its reflection of jazz rhythms, was written in 1948 and is known as ‘The Blackbird’, described by one critic as a sarcastic statement on the brutality of Man compared with the purity of Nature. The Fourth Symphony ‘Nostalgic’, recalling the composer’s childhood and alluding to Sibelius, was first performed in 1976. While the symphonies suggest the influence of Sibelius, Englund’s 1955 Piano Concerto is more akin to Bartók.