FLORIAN LEOPOLD GASSMANN (1729 - 1774)
Born in Brüx (now Most), the Bohemian composer Florian Leopold Gassmann made his way to Italy, where he may have studied with Padre Martini in Bologna and had encouragement from a nobleman in Venice. Influenced by the work of composers such as Galuppi, Hasse, Jommelli and Piccinni, he had his first opera, Merope, performed in Venice in 1757. In 1763 he succeeded Gluck in Vienna, where, in 1772, he became Court Kapellmeister. He brought Antonio Salieri to Vienna as his pupil.
Operas, Vocal and Instrumental Music
Gassmann’s operas enjoyed contemporary popularity, works conceived after the reforms instituted by Gluck. Other compositions include liturgical and oratorio settings, 33 symphonies and a varied quantity of chamber music.