JEAN CLAUDE RISSET (b 1938 )
Born in France in 1938, Jean-Claude Risset is a composer and researcher. Together with Max Mathews and John Chowning, he is one of the main pioneers of computer sound synthesis, having worked extensively on trumpet simulation, auditory illusions, the synthesis of new timbres, sonic development processes and a catalogue of synthesised sounds in 1969. He was head of the Computer Department at IRCAM from 1975 to 1979, and at MIT Media Labs was responsible for the realisation of the first Duet for one pianist (1989). For his work in computer music and his seventy compositions, he received the first Golden Nica (Ars Electronica Prize, 1987), the Giga-Hertz-Grand-Prize 2009, and the highest French awards in both music (Grand Prix National de la Musique, 1990) and science (gold medal, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1999).