JIANER ZHU (1922 - 2017)
A native of Jing County, Anhui Province, Zhu Jian'er was born
in Tianjin and brought up in Shanghai. He taught himself music when he was studying
at the high school. In 1940 he began to write art songs, drama scores and wind
music. At the end of 1949 he started the composition of film scores. In 1955
he went to the Soviet Union and began to pursue the advanced course at the Composition
Department of Moscow Conservatory or Music. After graduation in 1960 he returned
to his motherland and worked successively at Shanghai Film Studio and Shanghai
Opera. Since 1975 he has been working as a resident composer at Shanghai Symphony
Orchestra. He also holds a concurrent post as a professor or composition at
Shanghai Conservatory or Music.
As a prominent Chinese composer, Zhu has been in pursuit or
originality and has taken pains to organically combine the western composition
techniques with the Chinese musical thinking, idioms and style. He has been
continuously developing the profoundity of the connotation or his compositions
and broadening the range or their subjects. He has been continuously transcending
himself. All these have resulted in the formation or his specific style. He
is a conspicuous composer in the contemporary Chinese music world.
His important works include five symphonies, symphonic cantata
Heroic Poems, piano solos, chamber music, Chinese traditional instrumental ensemble
His Symphonie Fantasia won the Excellent Composition Prize
at All China Symphonic Composition Appraisal in 1981.Symphony No.4 won the Grand
Prize at Queen Marie Jose Competition for Music Composition in Switzerland in
1990. In 1991 he won the Prize for Outstanding Contribution to Art and Literature,
the supreme prize or Shanghai municipal government.
Quite a lot or his works, especially his symphonic works, were
premiered and won prizes at the previous Shanghai Spring Music Festivals. Also,
they have been performed in various countries such as the Soviet Union. Japan.
Germany, Sweden, Romania, the United States and the Philippines, and have a
certain influence in the international musical circles.