Yves Bauer studied at the Strasbourg Conservatoire, where he won several first prizes, continuing at the Paris Conservatoire National Supérieur de Musique et de Danse, where he was awarded first prizes in trombone and chamber music. In 1993 he joined the Orchestre National de Lille as bass trombonist and in 1997 was a laureate in the Osaka International Competition for Tenor and Bass Trombone, winning third prize, and first prize in the bass trombone class. He has gone on to pursue an international career, with concerts and masterclasses at the Lyon Conservatoire, The Juilliard School, the Washington Levine School of Music and the Kraków Conservatoire. He gave the French première of the concerto by Eric Ewazen with the Orchestre National de Lille and has appeared with other ensembles, in recitals, and in festivals. A number of composers have written works for him, including Derek Bourgeois (Double Concerto for trumpet and bass trombone), Jean Michel Defaye (Epsilon), Marc Lys (Vertiges), Jérôme Naulais (Etoile des profondeurs), and Marc Steckar (Deux marches d’écart).
He teaches at the Roubaix Conservatoire National de Musique and has done much to promote a wider knowledge of the trombone, not least through the ensemble TrombonissimO and particularly in the rôle of d’Artagnan in two stories of the musical adventures of the Trombone Musketeers.