ALEMDAR SABITOVYCH KARAMANOV (b 1934 )
An isolated figure in the musical world of the former Soviet Union, Alemdar Karamanov, son of a Turkish father and Russian mother, is unusual in the Christian spirit that informs his later work. This, together with the relative geographical distance of his native Crimea, did much to exclude him from the central musical establishment of the country.
For long prolific as a composer, with 25 symphonies, seven concertos and much more to his name, Karamanov was for many years denied the possibility of performance—an exclusion that went some way towards stifling his creativity. His earlier music isolated him by its avant-garde tendencies, while his religious interests further alienated him from the Soviet authorities. Since 1990 there has been a renewed interest in his music.