CRISTÓBAL DE MORALES (1500 - 1553)
A native of Seville, the composer Cristóbal de Morales seems to have been a chorister at Seville Cathedral, which boasted a distinguished musical tradition and establishment. He served as maestro de capilla at Ávila and Plasencia before moving to Italy, where, in 1535, he is recorded as a singer in the papal chapel; he held this position until 1545. In Spain once more, he was appointed maestro de capilla at Toledo Cathedral but relinquished the position in 1547 and in 1551 took up the lesser post of maestro de capilla at Málaga Cathedral. His hope of returning to Toledo came too late, and he died in 1553.
The leading Spanish composer of sacred music of his time, Morales left numerous Mass settings, Magnificats and motets, examples of contemporary polyphonic procedures that are handled idiosyncratically.