EDUARDO SÁINZ DE LA MAZA (1903 - 1982)
Eduardo Sáinz de la Maza was born on 5 January 1903 in Burgos, Spain. His brother, Regino, was seven years older, and studied piano and guitar. Eduardo began learning the basics of music from the age of six, but the family could not afford to send all their children to music lessons.
In 1910 the family moved north to San Sebastián where it is known that Regino continued his studies, including guitar with Luís Soria, at the local academy. Shortly afterwards, the family moved to Madrid, where Regino had lessons with Daniel Fortea (1878–1953), one of the former pupils of Francisco Tárrega. Regino gave his first solo guitar recital on 13 March 1913.
Eduardo began his guitar studies at around the age of ten, while Regino forged ahead with preparing for an international concert career. As there was now an established guitarist in the family, Eduardo began studying the cello, overshadowed by his brother’s developing reputation.
In 1916 the family moved to Barcelona where Eduardo learned the guitar in addition to the cello but he had no ambitions for a concert career. He did, however, give his debut guitar recital at the age of 14 in the Sala Mozart. Later he studied cello at the Barcelona Conservatory, completing the course in 1917. He subsequently toured Spain as a cellist in a string trio, as well as appearing in 1919 in New York and New Orleans.
In 1925 Eduardo married an Italian pianist, Elda Giacomelli. Between 1928 and 1931 he studied composition with Enric Morera (1865–1942). At this time Eduardo composed a number of short works including pieces for violin and piano, and from 1933 he began to compose for guitar. During the Spanish Civil War he earned a living from arranging light music for dance orchestras under the name of Mario Yago.
Eduardo Sáinz de la Maza eventually applied his considerable energies to composition, supplemented with giving guitar lessons to talented individuals from various countries. His guitar works are acknowledged as being among the finest 20th-century contributions to the repertoire.