JĀZEPS VĪTOLS (1863 - 1948)
Latvian by birth, Jāzeps Vītols studied in St Petersburg with Rimsky-Korsakov, whom he succeeded at the Conservatory. Here, his pupils included Prokofiev and Myaskovsky and his friends Glazunov and Lyadov. He returned to Latvia in 1918, directing the newly established Latvian Opera and teaching from 1919 to 1944 at the Conservatory he founded in Riga. He spent his final years in exile, after the incursion of Soviet troops into his country.
Vocal and Instrumental Music
A versatile and prolific composer, Vītols left a quantity of choral music and songs, and varied orchestral works; he was a pioneer in Latvian music.