JOHANN ADAM HILLER (1728 - 1804)
The German composer and writer on music Johann Adam Hiller studied in Dresden and was able to demonstrate competence on a great many instruments before moving to Leipzig to study law. There he took part in and later organised concerts by the Grosses Konzert, the principal ensemble in Leipzig, and established a singing school. From 1781 he conducted the Gewandhaus concerts. He served briefly at the court of the Duke of Courland and then in Breslau, finally returning to Leipzig to occupy Bach’s former position as Thomaskantor. He was known for his varied scholarly writing on musical subjects.
Hiller won considerable popularity with his Singspiel and incidental music. He was influenced in his melodies by Hasse, with whose work he had become familiar in Dresden.
A singer himself, Hiller wrote a quantity of vocal works, settings of the Mass and of Mass movements, psalms, cantatas and motets, with a similar amount of secular vocal music, songs, arias and cantatas.
In addition to a smaller number of symphonies and divertimenti Hiller wrote a number of partitas, instrumental suites, and music for keyboard.