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(1733 - 1800)

The German oboist and composer Johann Christian Fischer studied the oboe with Alessandro Besozzi in Turin before joining the Dresden court orchestra and then the musical establishment of Frederick the Great at Potsdam. He appeared in various musical centres before moving to London, where he played in the concerts organised by Johann Christian Bach and his colleague Carl Friedrich Abel. He married a daughter of Gainsborough, who painted his portrait. Disappointed with his failure to achieve official positions in the court musical establishments, he moved briefly to Vienna in 1787, but returned to London in the early 1790s, dying there in 1800.

Orchestral and Instrumental Music

Fischer published 10 of his oboe concertos, scored alternatively for solo flute. The last movement from the first of these provided a theme for keyboard variations by Mozart, who had met Fischer first in 1765 and heard him again in Vienna in 1787. He published 10 flute sonatas, among other works, as well as an oboe tutor. His playing was said to have had a strong influence on contemporary performance in London.

Role: Classical Composer 
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