ROMUALD TWARDOWSKI (b 1930 )
Romauld Twardowski was born in Lithuania in 1930. Growing up in Vilnius, he began studying violin during the German occupation and later took up piano and organ. At the age of 14 he started playing organ at two local churches, thus beginning an association with sacred choral music that has stayed with him all his life. He studied piano and composition at the Lithuanian State Conservatory, graduating in 1957. After moving to Warsaw, he continued his studies and in 1961 won the Young Composer’s Competition of the Union of Polish Composers (for his Antifone per tre gruppi d’orchestra) that led him to study in Paris with Nadia Boulanger.