Zhang Jiemin began studying piano and percussion at the age of seven and graduated in orchestral conducting and composition from the Shanghai Conservatory of Music in 1995. After graduating Jiemin was named resident conductor of Shanghai Opera House and the Shanghai Youth Orchestra, and later conducted Carmen at the Shanghai Spring Festival in 1997. In 1998 Jiemin worked as assistant to Zubin Mehta on the Forbidden City production of Turandot. From 2001–2002 Jiemin was assistant conductor to Michel Plasson at the National Orchestre Capital du Toulouse, and from 2002 has worked with the Shanghai Symphony Orchestra, being named resident conductor in 2010. In 2013, Jiemin led the Shanghai Youth Orchestra on a tour of Australia where they participated in the main competition at the International Music Festival and were awarded the Gold Prize.
Jiemin has conducted at opera houses including those in Rome, Catania, and Salerno, and worked with orchestras including the Rome Symphony Orchestra, National Orchestra Capital Du Toulouse, the Istanbul Symphony Orchestra and the Hong Kong Philharmonic.
Jiemin was the first women conductor to conduct in the opera houses of both La Fenice and San Carlo, and her DVD of Cavalleria Rusticana with the San Carlo Opera House was released in 2008 on TDK and broadcast by RAI, Italy’s national broadcasting company.